Premature Birth

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Premature Birth


the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.


Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Weighing less than 10oz and just nine-and-a-half inches long, baby Amillia hit the headlines as she finally went home 11 days before her "due" date.
One favorite was Amillia lying next to a ballpoint pen.
The length of a ballpoint pen and weighing in at just 10 ounces, little Amillia is one of the youngest premature babies ever to have survived, although many babies all over the world are born before their mother's pregnancy has reached full term.
Whether or not Amillia escapes these horrors, we shall not know until she reaches adulthood.
Amillia Sonja Taylor weighed less than 10oz when she was born
Yesterday, doctors said little Amillia was just days away from being allowed home .
Amillia Sonja Taylor was just nine-and-a-half inches long and weighed less than 10 ounces when she was born on October 24.
Amillia has been in an incubator since birth and has been receiving oxygen.
MIAMI -- Amillia Sonja Taylor, born at 21 weeks and six days, went home today with her parents after four months in the Baptist Children's Hospital of Miami neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
THOSE images of 22-weekold Amillia Taylor, the most premature baby ever, will have had an enormous impact across the world.
Amillia Sonja Taylor, born on October 24 after just under 22 weeks in the womb, is the first baby known to have survived after a gestation of fewer than 23 weeks.