Premature Birth

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Premature Birth


the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.


Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Amillia Sonja Taylor was the smallest baby to be born at In 1990 conjoined twins Abigail and Brittany Hensel were born with one body in Carver County, Minnesota.
But the most premature baby to survive was Amillia Taylor, who was born at 22 weeks and six days in Florida in October 2006.
to the delight of mum Tamsin The most premature baby to survive is Amillia Taylor, born in Florida in 2006 at 21wks, six days, weighing 10oz Pictures: WORLDWIDEFEATURES.
THE size of a ballpoint pen and weighing in at just 10 ounces, tiny Amillia Taylor was finally given the all-clear to go home with her parents after being born prematurely at just 21 weeks and six days.
SIR - Your article "Baby born at under 22 weeks not going home yet,' (Western Mail, February 22), on the American baby Amillia Sonja Taylor's early arrival (all 9' inches and 10 ounces of her), has again opened the debate in the media and press about the viability of unborn children
Amillia Sonja Taylor, born at 21 weeks, six days, who weighed in at just under 10 ounces, and who, when fully stretched out, was 9 1/2 inches long, finally went home in February.
Tiny baby Amillia Taylor has startled medics in the US after surviving birth at 21 weeks and six days.
THE name Amillia Taylor and the word miracle' have become inseparable.
10 In which city has world-recordbreaking premature baby Amillia Taylor just left hospital, having been born at just under 22 weeks weighing 10 ounces?
Doctors say Amillia is the first baby known to survive after a gestation period of fewer than 23 weeks.
Amillia Taylor was born measuring just nine-and-a-half inches long and weighing under 10oz.
Amillia Sonja Taylor was just nine-and-a-half inches long and weighed less than 10 ounces when she was born on October 24.