Aminobutyric Acid


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Related to Aminobutyric Acid: dopamine, 4-aminobutanoic acid

Aminobutyric Acid

 

an organic compound. Depending on the relative positions of the carboxyl and amino groups, the following isomers are distinguished: α-aminobutyric acid, CH3CH2CH(NH2)COOH; β-aminobutyric acid, CH3CH(NH2)CH2COOH; and γ-aminobutyric acid, NH2CH2CH2CH2COOH. The aminobutyric acids, crystalline substances with high melting points, are soluble in water and insoluble in ether. The α- and β-aminobutyric acids are optically active. The α- and γ-aminobutyric acids are widely distributed in animal and plant tissues, but β-aminobutyric acid has not been found in organisms.

References in periodicals archive ?
Blood-brain barrier to H3-gamma aminobutyric acid in normal and amino oxycetic acid-treated animals.
In search of changes in cells during the animals' 6-day menstrual cycles, the researchers looked at nerve-cell receptors for gamma aminobutyric acid, a chemical that inhibits neurons from firing.
Other topics discussed in the letter include the need for methods to ensure safe use of the drug, the sodium salt of gamma hydroxybutyrate, an endogenous neurotransmitter synthesized from gamma aminobutyric acid, which is also known as the "date rape" drug for its potent sedative effects.
Sodium oxybate is the sodium salt of gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), an endogenous neurotransmitter synthesized from gamma aminobutyric acid, and is also known as the "date rape" drug.
The report identifies some growing segments: alpha-lipoic acid, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), and vegetable supplements.
In the first study, in which a dilute urine was used, mean recoveries were 87-122%, with the exceptions of argininosuccinic acid (132%) and aminobutyric acid (81%).
Sodium oxybate is the sodium salt of gamma hydroxybutyrate, an endogenous neurotransmitter synthesized from gamma aminobutyric acid, and is also known as the "date rape" drug.
Aminobutyric acid is also called 4-aminobutyric acid, piperidine acid and GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid).