Amir Khusrau


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amir Khusrau

 

Born 1253 in Patiali (now Uttar Pradesh); died 1325 in Delhi. Indian poet, scholar, and musician. Turkish by descent; wrote in Persian, Urdu, and Hindi; popular also among the Persians and Tadzhiks. Court poet of India.

Amir Khusrau’s intimacy with the Sufi dervish order Chishti is reflected in his work: in his poetry he eulogized Nizamaddina Aulia, the head of the order, calling him a spiritual mentor. Amir Khusrau left many works of poetry, literary criticism, and history. His lyrics were collected in five divans: The Gift of Youth (written 1272), The Middle of Life (1284), The Plenitude of Perfection (1293), The Elected Remainder (1316), and The Summit of Perfection (1325). Romantic poems are prominent among his work—an example is Dawalrani Khizrkhan, based on themes from court life. He created a five-part work on the model and themes of the poems of Nizami: The Ascent of the Luminaries (1298), Shirin and Khosrov (1298), Medjun and Leila (1298), The Mirror of Iskander (1299), and Eight Heavenly Gardens (1301). Amir Khusrau made use of Indian folk tales; however, he made many vital modifications in their plots. Anthologies of poems, riddles, and sayings attributed to Amir Khusrau and written in Hindi have survived. Kkhalibari, a dictionary of synonyms containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindi words, has also been attributed to him. He composed many tesnifs (folk romances) in Urdu, which are performed by Indian singers.

WORKS

Mesnevi khasht bekhesht. Aligarh, 1336 A.H. (A.D. 1957).

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Roman ob Aleksandre i ego glavnye versii na Vostoke. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Storey, C. A. Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, section 2, fasc. 3. London, 1939.
Muhammad Wahid Mirza. The Life and Works of Amir Khusrau. Calcutta, 1935.
Arberry, A. J. Classical Persian Literature. London, [1958].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
KARACHI -- It is always sheer joy listening to the inimitable duo, Farid Ayaz and Abu Mohammad, belt out those unmatched lines penned by Hazrat Amir Khusrau with the kind of disarming fervour that's required for devotional poetry and music.
In the medieval period, Amir Khusrau (1253-1325), a great Sufi poet and an early architect of India's composite culture mentions the birthplace (Gokul) of Krishna, in the verses of his famous qawwali 'Rang.'
He was a founder of Indo-Middle East Cultural Studies and All India Amir Khusrau Society which had branches in several countries.
The famed Sufi Amir Khusrau invented Khayal, a meditative form of vocalising ragas, eight centuries ago.
We in the Subcontinent still cannot get away from under the shadow of Amir Khusrau, an Indian born genius of a Khorasani migrant.
Rung De is an upbeat number that works regardless of whether you know what Amir Khusrau is talking about.
The seminar would include demonstrations of qawwali by the celebrated Ghayoor Moiz Mustafa Qawwal and cover topics including the origin and evolution of qawwali, Sufism, the relationship between Islam and qawwali, the music of Pakistan and Northern India, Amir Khusrau's contribution to the art of qawwali, the various genres and forms of qawwali, the etiquette of participating in a performance of qawwali and the essential elements of qawwali.
Alaudin's performance as a ruler was recorded by contemporary historians including Amir Khusrau and Ziauddin Barani.
The hundred ghazals of Amir Khusrau, we are informed by Sufi Ghulzar, the translator's son, in a preface, were translated into Urdu verse from the original Persian on the occasion of the poet's 750th death anniversary celebrations held in Pakistan in 1975.
Amir Khusrau, who holds a very high position in the cultural history of India, was really proud of being an Indian and admired the achievements of the Hindus.
From Amir Khusrau to Dev Anand, the amusing literary giant describes his muse as effortlessly as one talks about a next- door neighbour.
Even as it celebrates the multifaceted genius of Amir Khusrau (1253-1325) as versatile poet, master of Persian language and verse forms, scholar, musician and composer, and mystic, it aims to promote research on the impress left by this iconic figure on Indo-Islamic art and culture, more so in "a historical and contemporary cultural perspective".