Amir Khusrau

Amir Khusrau

 

Born 1253 in Patiali (now Uttar Pradesh); died 1325 in Delhi. Indian poet, scholar, and musician. Turkish by descent; wrote in Persian, Urdu, and Hindi; popular also among the Persians and Tadzhiks. Court poet of India.

Amir Khusrau’s intimacy with the Sufi dervish order Chishti is reflected in his work: in his poetry he eulogized Nizamaddina Aulia, the head of the order, calling him a spiritual mentor. Amir Khusrau left many works of poetry, literary criticism, and history. His lyrics were collected in five divans: The Gift of Youth (written 1272), The Middle of Life (1284), The Plenitude of Perfection (1293), The Elected Remainder (1316), and The Summit of Perfection (1325). Romantic poems are prominent among his work—an example is Dawalrani Khizrkhan, based on themes from court life. He created a five-part work on the model and themes of the poems of Nizami: The Ascent of the Luminaries (1298), Shirin and Khosrov (1298), Medjun and Leila (1298), The Mirror of Iskander (1299), and Eight Heavenly Gardens (1301). Amir Khusrau made use of Indian folk tales; however, he made many vital modifications in their plots. Anthologies of poems, riddles, and sayings attributed to Amir Khusrau and written in Hindi have survived. Kkhalibari, a dictionary of synonyms containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindi words, has also been attributed to him. He composed many tesnifs (folk romances) in Urdu, which are performed by Indian singers.

WORKS

Mesnevi khasht bekhesht. Aligarh, 1336 A.H. (A.D. 1957).

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Roman ob Aleksandre i ego glavnye versii na Vostoke. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Storey, C. A. Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, section 2, fasc. 3. London, 1939.
Muhammad Wahid Mirza. The Life and Works of Amir Khusrau. Calcutta, 1935.
Arberry, A. J. Classical Persian Literature. London, [1958].
References in periodicals archive ?
Alaudin's performance as a ruler was recorded by contemporary historians including Amir Khusrau and Ziauddin Barani.
If we started discussing how many emperors Hazrat Amir Khusrau tried to please, then we would lose our way.
The art of classical music is as much a part of Saami as he is a part of it; his forefathers, along with the legendary Sufi poet and musician, Amir Khusrau, formalised the schools of Qawwali and Khayal in Delhi, India, in the 13th century.
The hundred ghazals of Amir Khusrau, we are informed by Sufi Ghulzar, the translator's son, in a preface, were translated into Urdu verse from the original Persian on the occasion of the poet's 750th death anniversary celebrations held in Pakistan in 1975.
Amir Khusrau, who holds a very high position in the cultural history of India, was really proud of being an Indian and admired the achievements of the Hindus.
From Amir Khusrau to Dev Anand, the amusing literary giant describes his muse as effortlessly as one talks about a next- door neighbour.
Even as it celebrates the multifaceted genius of Amir Khusrau (1253-1325) as versatile poet, master of Persian language and verse forms, scholar, musician and composer, and mystic, it aims to promote research on the impress left by this iconic figure on Indo-Islamic art and culture, more so in "a historical and contemporary cultural perspective".
From Indian folk bhajans to poetry of Amir Khusrau, Buddhists chants to African and African-American spirituals and contemporary blues and jazz, Mr Hazra's concerts meld diverse styles into an organic whole.
The dramatis personae of Rumi's excellent work include historical figures like Amir Khusrau, Nizamuddin Auliya and Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib, to name but a few and the contemporary characters of Delhi like Qurat-ulAin Haider, Saadia Dehlvi, Khushwant Singh and many others.
a versified glossary of Persian, Arabic, and Hindawi words and phrases attributed to Amir Khusrau, but most probably written in 1622 in Gwalior by ?
Dhrupad exponents Gundecha brothers paid tribute to Miyan Tansen, Ulhas Kashalkar sang the compositions of poets Adarang and Sadarang, Bombay Jayashri sang the compositions of Muthuswamy Dikshitar and Papanasam Sivan and Shujat Hussain Khan sang the compositions of the Sufi mystic saint poet Hazrat Amir Khusrau.