Amir Khusrau

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amir Khusrau

 

Born 1253 in Patiali (now Uttar Pradesh); died 1325 in Delhi. Indian poet, scholar, and musician. Turkish by descent; wrote in Persian, Urdu, and Hindi; popular also among the Persians and Tadzhiks. Court poet of India.

Amir Khusrau’s intimacy with the Sufi dervish order Chishti is reflected in his work: in his poetry he eulogized Nizamaddina Aulia, the head of the order, calling him a spiritual mentor. Amir Khusrau left many works of poetry, literary criticism, and history. His lyrics were collected in five divans: The Gift of Youth (written 1272), The Middle of Life (1284), The Plenitude of Perfection (1293), The Elected Remainder (1316), and The Summit of Perfection (1325). Romantic poems are prominent among his work—an example is Dawalrani Khizrkhan, based on themes from court life. He created a five-part work on the model and themes of the poems of Nizami: The Ascent of the Luminaries (1298), Shirin and Khosrov (1298), Medjun and Leila (1298), The Mirror of Iskander (1299), and Eight Heavenly Gardens (1301). Amir Khusrau made use of Indian folk tales; however, he made many vital modifications in their plots. Anthologies of poems, riddles, and sayings attributed to Amir Khusrau and written in Hindi have survived. Kkhalibari, a dictionary of synonyms containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindi words, has also been attributed to him. He composed many tesnifs (folk romances) in Urdu, which are performed by Indian singers.

WORKS

Mesnevi khasht bekhesht. Aligarh, 1336 A.H. (A.D. 1957).

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Roman ob Aleksandre i ego glavnye versii na Vostoke. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Storey, C. A. Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, section 2, fasc. 3. London, 1939.
Muhammad Wahid Mirza. The Life and Works of Amir Khusrau. Calcutta, 1935.
Arberry, A. J. Classical Persian Literature. London, [1958].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
composed by Amir Khusro, followed byTaino Pyar Ho Gaya Maino Saiyaan Kahndi Haan.
In this evening, young artists presented raqs on Iqbal and Amir Khusro poetry.
In this evening, young artistes performed on Iqbal and Amir Khusro's poetry.' Ather shared with the audience his vision of arts promotion, saying: 'We arranged this evening for the students of Alhamra Academy of Performing Arts to show their skills.'
Summary: New Delhi [India], Jun 23 (ANI) A group of 100 Pakistani pilgrims on Sunday visited the Hazrat Amir Khusro shrine in Delhi.
KARACHI -- Sindh High Court (SHC) on Thursday issued notices to Sindh government, Director General (DG) Sindh Building Control Authority (SBCA), Karachi Development Authority (KDA), Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) and private construction company on a plea against the blockage of Amir Khusro Road.
Summary: Song is based on the poetry of Hazrat Amir Khusro
For her, his poetry contained spirit of Bhagat Kabir, Amir Khusro and other poets.
Yusuf Kamal has done a lot of work in archaeology, history, religion and other social issues." He added, "The essays included in the book are about different topics including Islamic architecture in India, architecture in the era of Amir Khusro, architecture during times of Sikander Begum in Bhopal, history of world manuscripts, advent of Urdu script, teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Qur'an, inter-faith harmony, rights of neighbours, status of women in Islam and contemporary society, and the Muslim and Indian history." Professor Akhtarul Wasey said, "We are living in the times of verbal knowledge.
June 23: The Express Tribune report by Sehrish Wasif states that the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony has submitted passports of pilgrims willing to attend the Urs of Hazrat Amir Khusro, which is going to be held from June 28 to July 5 in New Delhi after receiving a nod from the Indian High Commission.
They are the descendants of 13th century legendary musician Hazrat Amir Khusro. The guests were served traditional dinner and other delights.
KARACHI -- An eleven-year old boy was shot dead by a private security guard here at Amir Khusro Road on Sunday night.