Amir Khusrau

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Amir Khusrau

 

Born 1253 in Patiali (now Uttar Pradesh); died 1325 in Delhi. Indian poet, scholar, and musician. Turkish by descent; wrote in Persian, Urdu, and Hindi; popular also among the Persians and Tadzhiks. Court poet of India.

Amir Khusrau’s intimacy with the Sufi dervish order Chishti is reflected in his work: in his poetry he eulogized Nizamaddina Aulia, the head of the order, calling him a spiritual mentor. Amir Khusrau left many works of poetry, literary criticism, and history. His lyrics were collected in five divans: The Gift of Youth (written 1272), The Middle of Life (1284), The Plenitude of Perfection (1293), The Elected Remainder (1316), and The Summit of Perfection (1325). Romantic poems are prominent among his work—an example is Dawalrani Khizrkhan, based on themes from court life. He created a five-part work on the model and themes of the poems of Nizami: The Ascent of the Luminaries (1298), Shirin and Khosrov (1298), Medjun and Leila (1298), The Mirror of Iskander (1299), and Eight Heavenly Gardens (1301). Amir Khusrau made use of Indian folk tales; however, he made many vital modifications in their plots. Anthologies of poems, riddles, and sayings attributed to Amir Khusrau and written in Hindi have survived. Kkhalibari, a dictionary of synonyms containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindi words, has also been attributed to him. He composed many tesnifs (folk romances) in Urdu, which are performed by Indian singers.

WORKS

Mesnevi khasht bekhesht. Aligarh, 1336 A.H. (A.D. 1957).

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Roman ob Aleksandre i ego glavnye versii na Vostoke. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Storey, C. A. Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, section 2, fasc. 3. London, 1939.
Muhammad Wahid Mirza. The Life and Works of Amir Khusrau. Calcutta, 1935.
Arberry, A. J. Classical Persian Literature. London, [1958].
References in periodicals archive ?
KARACHI -- A large number of people including women and children demonstrated outside the office of Nadra off Amir Khusro Road here on Tuesday.
As Amir Khusro, Nizamuddin Auliya's favourite disciple and court poet of the sultans, once said:
T22 and Amir Khusro Park, said a press release here on Friday.
This festival, which is also popularly known as Sufi Basant, dates back to the 12th century when celebrated poet Amir Khusro dedicated his songs of spring to his Khwaja (spiritual master) Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya.
ISLAMABAD -- Ministry of Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony has asked the interested intending pilgrims to submit their applications by January 19, for participating in the Urs of Hazrat Amir Khusro.
Tenders are invited for Construction of Guard Rooms At The Entrances To Amir Khusro Park Nizamuddin Delhi.
Modi noted that Indian poets Mirza Ghalib and Amir Khusro were believed to be of Uzbek parentage.
Hashim Ali presented a paper on first Urdu-Hindawi poet Amir Khusro followed by a quiz on the poet.
She demanded non-vegetarian delicacies and said she wanted to visit Hazrat Amir Khusro Dargah to seek blessings for children.
The inspiration for sufi music comes from the works of famous sufi poets such as Amir Khusro, Bulleh Shah, Khawaja Ghulam Farid and others.
No wonder then that Hazrat Amir Khusro (1253-1325 AD), the great Muslim scholar, legendary poet and musicologist, mentioned 26 musical instruments of his time in the second volume of his book, Ejaz-e-Khusravi.
23 It also influenced the minds of the contemporary scholars like Ziyauddin Barani, Shams Siraj Afif, Minhaj-us-Siraj, Abdul Malik Isami, Yahya bin Ahmad Sirhindi, Amir Khusro, Muhammad Qasim Farishta, Ain al-Mulk Mahru etc.