an archaeological culture of the late Bronze Age (ninth and eighth centuries B.C.) on the territory of ancient Khorezm. Described by the Soviet scientist S. P. Tolstov on the basis of excavations made from 1937 to 1940 of settlements in the area of the Amirabad canal (Kara-Kalpak ASSR).
The population of the Amirabad culture lived in clan communities, settlements made up of 15–20 rectangular semisubterranean dwellings, and was engaged in irrigation agriculture and cattle raising. The ceramics of the Amirabad culture are molded, and the surface of ceramic wares is frequently gold plated. Bronze foliate arrowheads, sickles, and molds for casting them were also found at the Iakke-Parsan 2 settlement.
REFERENCETolstov, S. P. Drevnii Khorezm. Moscow, 1948.
Itina, M. A. “Poselenie Iakke-Parsan 2 (raskopki 1958–1959).”
Materialy Khorezmskoi ekspeditsii, issue 6. Moscow, 1963.