Emirate

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Emirate

 

in Muslim countries, a state or possession ruled by an emir. In the Arabian Caliphate the ruler of an emirate was appointed or confirmed by the caliph; subsequently, various states, both independent and vassal states, were called emirates, including Nejd, Shammar, Asir, and, today, the United Arab Emirates. Whether a particular state formation is designated an emirate depends on established tradition.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the use of a non-mamluk amirate was not limited solely to Mecca.
Sharif Hasan's temporary deposition from the Meccan amirate may indeed have been a "catastrophe," as Richard Mortel has written.
One of the requirements for the succession of his son Barakat to the amirate of Mecca was to pay the remaining 25,000 dinars of his father's debt to the Mamluks.
After the death of Sharif Hasan in 1426/829, the sultan granted the amirate to Barakat ibn Hasan on three conditions: (1) that he pay the debt his father owed--as mentioned above, amounting now to 25,000 dinars; (2) that he pay an additional 10,000 dinars annually to the sultan; and (3) that "he should not object when the duties ('ushur) on commodities are taken in Jedda" by Mamluk authorities.
He likewise listed suzerainty over the Hijaz in the foundation inscription of his khanqah outside of Cairo in Dhu al-Hijjah 835 (30 July-27 August 1432) when he styled himself "Ruler of the Hijazi Territories." (88) While this document has been regarded as evidence that the Meccan amirate was by this time "a Mamluk province," (89) the actual relationship between the sultan and the sharif was not technically that of suzerain and subject.
Hiyari, "The Origins and Development of the Amirate of the Arabs during the Seventh/Thirteenth and Eighth/Fourteenth Centuries," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 38 (1975): 509-24.
The unique design and fine workmanship of Bangladeshi gold jewellery attracted considerable attention from visitors from the Middle East, particularly those from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Amirates and Bahrain.
(64) See OSC Report GMP20110416825001, "Al-Qa'ida in Islamic Maghreb Spokesman Says There Are Islamic Amirates in Libya," April 16, 2011; and, OSC Report AFP20110418950070, "AQIM accuses Al-Hayat newspaper of falsifying interview with spokesman," April 18, 2011.