Amirkhan, Fatikh

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amirkhan, Fatikh Zarifovich


Born Jan. 1 (13), 1886, in Kazan; died there on Mar. 9, 1926. Tatar writer and publicist. Born into a mullah family.

In 1905, Amirkhan participated in the Shakird movement for radical school reforms, for which he was expelled from the madrasah. He founded the radical newspaper El’-islakh (Reform, 1907–09). In his literary and sociopolitical works Amirkhan came out against the remnants of feudalism in daily life, and he depicted the aspiration of Tatar youth for modern life and Russian culture. His works include the novellas Tatar Girl (1909), Fatkhulla khazrat (1909), and At the Crossroads (1912) and the drama Youth (1910). Amirkhan contributed much to the development of Tatar literary criticism, and he struggled for realistic art. After the October Revolution he worked as a journalist.


[Ämirkhan, F. Z.] Saylanma äsärlär, vols. 1–2. Kazan, 1957–58.
In Russian translation:
“Tatarka.” Izbr. proizv. Moscow, 1959.


Gainullin, M. Tatarskaia lit-ra i publitsistika nachala XX veka. Kazan, 1966. Pages 376–394.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(62) On Amirkhan's family background, see Mokhammat Mahdiev, "Yanga bista Prometee," in Adabiiat ham Chynbarlyk: XXyoz bashy tatar adabiiaty tarikhyna yanga materiallar (Kazan: Tatarstan kitap nashriiaty, 1987), 32; Ibrahimova and Amirkhan, Fatikh Amirkhan turynda istaleklar, 189.
Apparently, at least some issues of this periodical were printed on a hand-operated press in the Amirkhans' bathhouse (Ibrahimova and Amirkhan, Fatikh Amirkhan turynda istaleklar, 190).