Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.


Ammi (ămˈī), in the Bible, figurative name of Israel after reconciliation with God. See Loammi.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of biennial plants belonging to the parsley family, with naked, circular, finely furrowed stems. The leaves of the Ammi are complex-pinnatifid with linear clefts. Inflorescences are complex umbels. The flowers are bisexual and have five white petals. Six species of the genus are known, inhabiting mainly the Mediterranean area. In the USSR the Ammi visnaga and the A. majus are widespread.

The cultivated species is an annual plant which is used in medicinal preparations. The Ammi visnaga is a multi-branched plant growing up to 100 cm in height. In the USSR the wild form is occasionally found in the Caucasus. The fruits of the plant contain khellin (0.5–0.6 percent), a derivative of furano-chromone used in the treatment of coronary insufficiency, bronchial asthma, and whooping cough.

The Ammi visnaga is cultivated in Mongolia, the northern Caucasus, and the southern Ukraine; it prefers fertile soils. Both manure and complete mineral fertilizer are used in its cultivation. Planting is done in early spring or in winter, with rows set 45 cm apart. The sprouts are thinned as soon as they appear. The care of the Ammi visnaga is the same as for any row crop. Harvesting is done by the individual method at the time of the mass ripening of the fruit. Yields are from 10 to 12 centners per hectare.

The Ammi majus is 50 to 70 cm in height, and the cultivated variety reaches 100 to 120 cm. The fruit contains isopimpinellin (0.3–0.5 percent), bergaptene (0.15–0.2 percent), and other substances belonging to the furoccumarin group, which promote rapid pigmentation of the skin. In medical practice, a preparation of ammifurin is used in treating vitiligo and alopecia areata. The Ammi majus is cultivated in Krasnodar Krai. The agricultural techniques and the yield are similar to those for the Ammi visnaga.


Pimenov, M. “Kul’tura egipetskikh lekarstvennykh rastenii Ammi majus i Ammi visnaga.” Rastenievodstvo, 1964, no. 14.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Expected returns from mobydick per acre is Sh700,000 and the cost of production is Sh150,000, while expected returns from ammi on one acre is S00,000 and the cost of production is Sh65,000.The best season, he says, is from October-June, when prices are very high.
Acute and chronic manifestations of Ammi majus induced photosensitisation in ducks.
He, however, described the current backlogs as threatening, but was optimistic that institutions like AMMI and its parent institution, AIMS, the keeping up with pace in AI, MI or Machine Learning is doable.
Ammi. Fragmentation, distinction, eclatement, marronnage mental et physique..., sont des expressions de l'inventivite tous azimuts de nouvelles cultures anti-culture globale.
Identification of plants used in the study: Trachyspermum ammi sample was purchased from local market of the Bahawalpur and was identified by botanist Dr.
The analysis using the AMMI method considers additive models for the main effects, that is, genotypes (g)i and environments (e) j and multiplicative models for effects of the interaction (ge)ij (Malosetti et al., 2013).
The mean squares of all sources of variation (genotype, environment, genotype x environment interaction, IPCA I and II) were significant for specific gravity and tuber starch content in AMMI model analysis (Table 4).
Key words: AMMI stability value, genotype by environment interaction, genotype selection index, time of harvest.
Hyderabad: "Ammi, Maaf Kardena" (Mother, forgive me).
A group of Pakistani students has developed 'Ammi Service', a voice messaging application to help pregnant mothers get health care assistance online on their mobile phones.