In grasses, the CP contents attained in Ammophila arenaria
(14.00 %) and Phragmites australis (13.09 %).
Effects of Ammophila arenaria
on sand dune arthropod communities.
Festuca sabulosa, Gypsophila paniculata and Lathyrus maritimus (together with Corynephorus canescens and Ammophila arenaria
grow on the top of the western PBD and make a very stable composition of vegetation, which traps the sand on the western part of the PBD and does not allow it to transfer onto the eastern slope.
de orden 1 2 3 4 Caracteristicas de asociacion y unidades superiores: Ammophila arenaria
(2000) presented what appear to be rather minor differences in topsoil water repellency amongst several types of grassland, shrubland, and woodland of the primary and secondary dunes (the foredune vegetation of Ammophila arenaria
assuming, as mentioned before, an outlier position).
En cuanto al uso del suelo, Endlicher y Mackel (1985) estimaron que en 1983 las dunas litorales se enconlraban cubiertas por 11,424.5 ha con dunas activas no manejadas, 3,975 ha manejadas con Ammophila arenaria
, 1,575 ha plantadas con Pinus radiata y 9,725 ha estabilizadas por vegetacion nativa.
The most noteworthy dune species include the marram grasses Ammophila arenaria
(on European coasts) and A.
To reduce nest predation rates, managers have: (1) exclosed nests from large mammal and avian predators (Hardy and Colwell 2008); (2) restored nesting habitat by removing invasive European Beach Grass (Ammophila arenaria
) (Muir and Colwell 2010); (3) spread oyster shells to increase egg and chick crypsis (USBLM 2010); and (4) killed predators (Neuman and others 2004).
(2250*); embryonic shifting dunes (2110); shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria
(2120 `white dunes`); wooded dunes with forests of Pinus pinea and/or P.
Roedd cnwd o foresg (Ammophila arenaria
; marram) yn tyfu o boptu'r llwybr a dail ir ar y dulys (Smyrnium olusatrum; alexanders).
Rapid colonization by marram grass (Ammophila arenaria
), during the accretion phase beginning in 1994, has encouraged foredune height growth and subsequent stabilization.
The plants that are likely to colonize these dunes include typically cord grass (Spartina versicolor) and marram grass (Ammophila arenaria
); not only do they help dune formation, but also ensure their conservation.