Amorites

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Related to Amorite: Hammurabi, Hittite, Hurrian

Amorites

(ăm`ərīts), a people of Canaan. There is evidence of them in Babylonia, where in the 19th cent. B.C. they established under their patronage the first dynasty at Babylon. The most powerful king of this dynasty, Hammurabi, put an end (18th cent. B.C.) to Amorite domination and issued a famous code of law, similar to Israelite codes. At the time of Joshua the Amorites were living both E and W of the Dead Sea. They were subdued and gradually absorbed by the Israelites.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amorites

 

also Amorei or Amurru, in antiquity, Semitic tribes, originating in Arabia, who inhabited the vast expanse of the Syrian steppe from Palestine to the Persian Gulf.

At the end of the third millennium B.C., the Amorites together with the Elamites overthrew the sovereignty of the Third Dynasty of Ur and founded the ancient Babylonian kingdom circa 1894 B.C. Settling in Mesopotamia in the 18th and 17th centuries, the Amorites were assimilated by the local population. However, they still existed in the 15th and 14th centuries in Syria, and in Palestine up to the 12th through tenth centuries B.C., when they were assimilated by the Hebrews. Amurru was the name of Syria in the first millennium B.C.

REFERENCE

D’iakonov, I. M. “Narody Drevnei Perednei Azii.” In the collection Peredneaziatskii etnograficheskii sbornik, [no.] 1. Moscow, 1958.

R. A. GRIBOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter six ("Gods as Creditors in the Amorite Near East") discusses the over two hundred loan contracts in which a divinity (usually Shamash, even in texts found in temples of other gods) is listed as creditor.
Across the centuries, from the Bronze Age to Imperial Rome, we encounter a vast array of characters and civilisations, enlivening, enriching, and besmirching the annals of Syrian history: Hittite and Assyrian Great Kings; Egyptian pharaohs; Amorite robber-barons; the biblically notorious Nebuchadnezzar; Persia's Cyrus the Great and Macedon's Alexander the Great; the rulers of the Seleucid empire and an assortment of Rome's most distinguished and most infamous emperors.
with a riverine light-infantry force of just one brigade (5,000 men), even though faced with hostile Gutian, Elamite and Hurrian hill tribes to the East and marauding Amorite desert tribes to the West.
In fact, these omitted verses recount the conquest and destruction of the Amorite and Moabite peoples, the annihilation of Jericho, and the ethnic cleansing of the seven peoples of Canaan.
Summary: JBEIL: In its 8,000 year history, the town of Jbeil has been pillaged by Amorite tribesmen, ransacked by Crusaders and bombarded by British Navy cannon fire.
"Morre", on the other hand, refers to the presumed origins, cultivating an older believe of Turkish or Amorite (45) lineage which hinted back to the erroneous genealogies from the premodern times.
To consider the historical depth of educational traditions, he infers great stability based on his consideration of the arrangement of a Sumerian classroom in the ancient city of Mari, Syria.1 This classroom likely originated in the city's second golden age under the Amorite dynasty that lasted from roughly 1,900 BCE through 1759 BCE, when the city was sacked by Hammurabi, sixth king of Babylon.
Scholars of religion, the Bible, literature, and the region begin by setting out the background with discussions of the Amorite heritage in the West, current issues in the study of Old Testament prophecy, and other matters.
Following on Elamite and Amorite invasions a Babylonian nation arose that lasted almost 1 000 years, characterised by cultural development under great kings like Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC).
In that verse, we also encounter [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (mam-re ha-e-mo-ri; Mamre the Amorite), an ethnic designation.
He confronts a coalition of Amorite chieftains, and God comes to his aid again, raining hailstones down on the Amorites, and granting yet another miracle: He will have the sun stand still until Joshua finishes off the Amorites.