Amorites


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Related to Amorites: Canaanites

Amorites

(ăm`ərīts), a people of Canaan. There is evidence of them in Babylonia, where in the 19th cent. B.C. they established under their patronage the first dynasty at Babylon. The most powerful king of this dynasty, Hammurabi, put an end (18th cent. B.C.) to Amorite domination and issued a famous code of law, similar to Israelite codes. At the time of Joshua the Amorites were living both E and W of the Dead Sea. They were subdued and gradually absorbed by the Israelites.

Amorites

 

also Amorei or Amurru, in antiquity, Semitic tribes, originating in Arabia, who inhabited the vast expanse of the Syrian steppe from Palestine to the Persian Gulf.

At the end of the third millennium B.C., the Amorites together with the Elamites overthrew the sovereignty of the Third Dynasty of Ur and founded the ancient Babylonian kingdom circa 1894 B.C. Settling in Mesopotamia in the 18th and 17th centuries, the Amorites were assimilated by the local population. However, they still existed in the 15th and 14th centuries in Syria, and in Palestine up to the 12th through tenth centuries B.C., when they were assimilated by the Hebrews. Amurru was the name of Syria in the first millennium B.C.

REFERENCE

D’iakonov, I. M. “Narody Drevnei Perednei Azii.” In the collection Peredneaziatskii etnograficheskii sbornik, [no.] 1. Moscow, 1958.

R. A. GRIBOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Fleming, "The Amorites," gives an original and thoughtful essay.
What got him started was the biblical story of Joshua commanding the Sun and Moon to stop moving for an entire day and invoking a devastating hail of stones from the sky during his battle with the Amorites. Velikovsky was also seeking a physical reason for the plagues inflicted on the Egyptians in Exodus.
(5) "Then spake Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
So, I went down to release them from the hands of the Egyptians and to bring them to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey, the place of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
She acclaims Yahweh's miracle at the Red Sea and defeat of the two kings of the Amorites and then exclaims, "Yahweh your God is God in the sky above and on the earth below" (vv.
The kings of Ur faced a considerable challenge along their northwestern border from a semi-nomadic people known as the Amorites. Cuneiform texts suggest that Amorites not only pressed in on grazing lands, but also for decades had moved into the cities of southern Mesopotamia, where they were regularly identified as foreigners.
Joshua famously presented his people with a choice: they could follow and serve the one God of Israel, or they could serve the pagan gods--the gods from "beyond the River" and the gods of the Amorites. (84) The Israelites chose the first alternative--or at least they said (and presumably thought) they did.
In analyzing the Bible's account of the Israelites' early encounters with the Amorites (under the leadership of Sihon, king of Heshbon), one will notice that there is seemingly a contradiction between the account in Numbers and the account in the book of Judges.
And they shall come back here in the fourth generation; for the iniquity' of the Amorites is not yet complete."
In the Old Testament it was decreed, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, ox for ox.31 Likewise, you should love your neighbor and hate your enemy.32 Therefore, also the Jews, as a figurative illustration, fought against the Hittites, Amorites, and other Gentiles, and expelled and eradicated them as their enemies, since they were to have no fellowship with them, to make no covenant with them, or to show them any favor (Deut.
At Genesis 15:19, the Bible says Canaan, who was cursed by his grandfather Noah, "was the father of Sidon his firstborn, and the Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hathites.
“The remains in our account are those of the Amorites, enemies of the Jewish people at the time,” stated Yonatan.