amphiphile

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amphiphile

[′am·fə‚fīl]
(chemistry)
A molecule which has a polar head attached to a long hydrophobic tail.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The amphiphilicity of this novel carbon-only Pickering stabilizer can be tuned by hybridizing with hydrophobic CNTs in the presence of EMI during hydrothermal reaction.
Tsuji, "Amphiphilicity index index of polar amino acids as an aid in the characterization of amino acid preference at membrane-water interfaces," Bioinformatics, vol.
The prevention of the membrane LP also seems to be dependent on the DHP concentration in the lipid matrix (Mason and Trumbore [46]) and its amphiphilicity. For example, AOA of diludine is associated with its lipophilicity and consequential ability to be incorporated into liposomes (Panasenko et al.
In the case of alkyl gallates, their amphiphilicity appeared to be dependent on the presence of two features: hydrophilic phenolic hydroxyls and hydrophobic alkyl chain.
The planar amphiphilicity can be modified by altering the type, number, location, and orientation of the hydrophilic substituents.
Methylene blue and malachite green basic structures are designed for optimized photosensitisers by the introduction of hydrophobic chains to enhance the amphiphilicity of highly hydrophilic molecules.
Most antimicrobial peptides possess two conserved chemical features, a positive charge with basic amino acid residues, and amphiphilicity, with both hydrophilic amino acid residues and hydrophobic amino acid residues.
The key common characteristic of bilayer-forming molecules is their amphiphilicity. It should be noted that not all nanostructures composed of phospholipids are liposomes.
Vibrio cholerae hemolysin: Implication of amphiphilicity and lipid-induced conformational change for its pore-forming activity.
(14), (15) Various compositional factors such as charge density, amphiphilicity, molecular size, and molecular mobility also determine the ability of a QAC to bind to the bacterium cell wall and/or cell membrane and disrupt its function.
For instance it has been reported that PAON is not antibacterial but becomes membrane-disruptive and bactericidal when one modulates the amphiphilicity of PAON via the incorporation of nonpolar units.
2:00-2:30 pm--Novel Marine Fouling-Release Polyurethane Coatings with Controlled Amphiphilicity: Synthesis and Performance--Zhigang Chen, Bret Chisholm, Shane Stafslien, Sandeep Patel, and Rhadika Patani, North Dakota State University