Amphipolis


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Amphipolis

(ămfĭ`pəlĭs), ancient city of Macedonia, on the Strymon (Struma) River near the sea and NE of later Thessaloníki. The place was known as Ennea Hodoi [nine ways] before it was settled and was of interest because of the gold and silver and timber of Mt. Pangaeus (Pangaion), to which it gave access. Athenian colonists were driven out (c.464 B.C.) by Thracians, but a colony was established in 437 B.C. Amphipolis became one of the major Greek cities on the N Aegean. This colony was captured by Sparta, and BrasidasBrasidas
, d. 422 B.C., Spartan general in the Peloponnesian War. In 424 B.C. he saved Mégara from Athenian attack, and then conducted an able campaign in Thrace, capturing Amphipolis and other cities and greatly weakening the Athenian cause through his military successes
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 and CleonCleon
, d. 422 B.C., Athenian political leader. The son of a tanner, he had little education; nevertheless, he was a gifted speaker. He began his political career with a series of relentless attacks on Pericles. He was antagonistic to Sparta and successfully opposed (425 B.C.
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 were both killed in a battle there in 422 B.C. After it was returned to Athens in 421 B.C., it actually had virtual independence until captured (357 B.C.) by Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
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 of Macedon. He had promised to restore it to Athens, and his retention of Amphipolis was a major cause of the war with Athens. In 148 B.C. it became the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia. Paul, Silas, and Timothy passed through Amphipolis (Acts 17.1). Archaeological excavations have uncovered a number of remains including (beginning in 2012) the largest burial site ever unearthed in Greece. Nearby is the modern Greek village of Amfípoli.
References in classic literature ?
because he must remain at his post where the god has placed him, as he remained at Potidaea, and Amphipolis, and Delium, where the generals placed him.
The Appolloniats, in the Euxine Sea, having admitted their sojourners to the freedom of their city, were troubled with seditions: and the Syracusians, after the expulsion of their tyrants, having enrolled [1303b] strangers and mercenaries amongst their citizens, quarrelled with each other and came to an open rupture: and the people of Amphipolis, having taken in a colony of Chalcidians, were the greater part of them driven out of the city by them.
The mound where the tomb was discovered lies in the ancient city of Amphipolis, about 200 miles north of Athens.
The three-month dig at ancient Amphipolis, 375 miles north of Athens, has uncovered three vaulted chambers behind a facade decorated with two big marble sphinxes.
The ancient tomb dates back to 300-325 BC and was located at the Kastas hill in Amphipolis, reported (http://www.
Speculation that the limestone grave in the Amphipolis tomb site might belong to the legendary Alexander, to one of his generals or to family members reached fever pitch in recent months as archeologist kept unearthing tantalising finds.
Amphipolis, Greece, Muharram 29, 1436, Nov 22, 2014, SPA -- The identity of a skeleton found in northern Greece in an ancient tomb dating from the time of Alexander the Great might never be known, Greek archaeologists said Saturday, according to dpa.
Asked by a Greek reporter whether he thought that the ongoing excavations in Amphipolis may finally prove that Macedonia is Greek, mediator Nimetz said he visited many archeological sites both in Macedonia and Greece attesting to the significance of the ancient Macedonian civilization.
tourist boost THE discovery of a tomb dating from 4th century BC in Amphipolis is set to cause a surge in visitor numbers to Greece.
Only his death at the battle of Amphipolis prevented a most dangerous situation from developing that might well have ended Thucydides's account at that point.
Research at sites in the vicinity of Aegae (such as Aiane and Archontiko, as well as further afield--around Thessaloniki, at Sindos and Hagia Paraskevi) and from as far north as Trebenista by Lake Ohrid, to as far east as Amphipolis, highlights a persistent pattern for elaborately furnished burials in the region, especially during the Archaic period (the period of 'state formation' for Macedonia).
And--here's a good one--banished from Athens, I fled back to goddamn Amphipolis where I first hit bottom to hit it again.