areg

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areg

[′a‚reg]
(ecology)
A sand desert.
References in periodicals archive ?
Artis, "Emerging functions of amphiregulin in orchestrating immunity, inflammation, and tissue repair," Immunity, vol.
AR, amphiregulin; BCT, betacellulin; EGF, epidermal growth factor; EPG, epigen; EPR, epiregulin; BH-EGF, heparin-binding EGF; TGF[alpha], transforming growth factor alpha; NRG, neuregulin.
As presented in Table 1, [CD.sup.133.+]/[CD.sup.34.+] BMMNCs secrete in vitro important bioactive proteins such as cardiotropin-1, angiogenic factors (angiogenin, angiopoitein-2, basic fibroblast growth factor, placenta growth factor, (VEGF) vascular endothelial growth factor-121, VEGF-165, and VEGF-D), neurogenic factors (agouti-related protein, brain-derived neurotropic factor, human ciliary neurotrophic factor, basic nerve growth factor, amphiregulin, neurotrophin-3, and 4, activin A and prolactin), morphogenetic proteins (bone morphogenetic protein, BMP-4, 5, 6, and 7), and several proinflammatory and remodeling factors.
Measuring the protein expression of the erbB ligand reported to be under the control of ER action, amphiregulin, we found a dose-dependent increase in protein expression.
Gene expression profiles showed that patients with tumours that express high levels of the EGFR ligands epiregulin and amphiregulin are more likely to have disease control with cetuximab.
Other known EGFR family ligands (13) like heregulin-[alpha] (HRG-[alpha]), heregulin-[beta] (HRG-[beta]), transforming growth factor--[alpha] (TGF-[alpha]), betacellulin (BC) and amphiregulin (AR) did not show any significant blast hits (Table 3).
We showed that IL-25 can induce airway hyperresponsiveness, promote peripheral blood and airway eosinophil infiltration, and promote the excessive production of IgE, Th2 cytokines (IL-4/5/13), fibrotic cytokines (transforming growth factor beta/connective tissue growth factor/insulin-like growth factor-1), and angiogenesis factors (amphiregulin, angiogenin, endothelin-1, transcription factor ERG, basic fibroblast growth factor, epidermal growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor).
Type II cytokine amphiregulin (AREG) was first described as a member of the epidermal growth factor family almost 30 years ago [11].
Plowman, "Interleukin 1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor alpha stimulate autocrine amphiregulin expression and proliferation of human papillomavirus-immortalized and carcinoma-derived cervical epithelial cells," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Kawashima et al., "The EGFR ligands amphiregulin and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor promote peritoneal carcinomatosis in CXCR4-expressing gastric cancer," Clinical Cancer Research, vol.
[26] amphiregulin (a marker of ductal proliferation) were antagonized by BZA > RLX > LAS (ii) BZA was more effective than RLX and LAS in reducing ductal growth Song et (i) BZA blocked gene expression induced by CE and the al.
It also includes TGF-alpha, Betacellulin, Epigen, Epiregulin, Amphiregulin, Heparin binding EGF.