amobarbital

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amobarbital

(ăm'ōbär`bĭtäl), drug that acts as a nervous system depressantdepressant,
any one of various substances that diminish functional activity, usually by depressing the nervous system. Barbiturates, sedatives, alcohol, and meprobamate are all depressants. Depressants have various modes of action and effects.
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. See barbituratebarbiturate
, any one of a group of drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. High doses depress both nerve and muscle activity and inhibit oxygen consumption in the tissues. In low doses barbiturates act as sedatives, i.e.
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amobarbital

[‚am·ō′bär·bə·təl]
(pharmacology)
C11H18N2O3 A white, crystalline powder with a bitter taste and a melting point of 156-161°C; soluble in alcohol; used in medicine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sodium amytal is a strong barbiturate described as a "truth serum" because it makes the recipient lose all inhibitions.
Mitochondrial respiration rate was measured as described in Materials and Methods using 15 mM succinate (+2 mM amytal) as substrates.
With frail patients, unaccustomed to psychiatric drugs, I start with small quantities, such as 60 mgm sodium amytal and 20 mgm methylphenidate.
Medical guidelines stated that sodium amytal, powerful sleeping pills, should be used to treat only "severe and intractable insomnia".
Table 1 Post-Procedure Survey Results: Adverse Effects Midazolam (n = 17) Nitrous oxide (n = 16) Combativeness 6 (35%) (a) 0 (0%) Unsteadiness 15 (88%) (b) 0 (0%) Nausea 0 (0%) 0 (0%) Vomiting 0 (0%) 0 (0%) Note: (a) p < 0.02; (b) p < 0.001 Table 2 Procedures Performed with Nitrous Oxide at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota Urethral catheterization Botulinum toxin injection CT scan Electromyelogram IV start Incision and drainage Peripherally inserted catheters Laceration suturing MRI--patient with chronic pain Lumbar puncture Intra-carotid sodium amytal test Barium enema Gastrostomy, gastrojejunostomy tube change Joint injection Nasogastric tube insertion Abuse exam
The security agencies use it with amytal as a truth drug."
Other studies have analyzed the relative success of using hypnotism, sodium amytal ("truth serum"), or state-dependant recall to test for malingering, as well as to revive "lost" or inaccessible memories.
Because fMRI is based on a noninvasive, endogenous signal, it has the potential to replace the invasive Wada test (also known as the intracarotid amytal test), which is the current gold standard in language and memory lateralization.
An examination of the crowding hypothesis in epileptic patients who have undergone the carotid amytal test.
barbiturates such as sodium pentothal, sodium amytal, and scopolamine.
First of all, despite their popular depiction in many Hollywood movies, there is no such thing as a "truth serum." Sodium amytal is merely a barbiturate and individuals can lie or otherwise report misinformation under its influence.