An Lu-shan

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An Lu-shan

(än lo͞o-shän), d.757, Chinese general of the T'ang dynasty. Of mixed Sogdian and Turkish birth, he was appointed regional commander on the northeastern frontier. In 755 he led c.200,000 troops in revolt against the T'ang central government. Emperor Hsüan-tsungHsüan-tsung
, 685–762, Chinese emperor (712–56), 9th of the T'ang dynasty. Under his brilliant early rule the T'ang reached the height of its power. Improved administration and new grain-transport facilities increased the flow of revenue to the central
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 fled the capital Chang'an for Sichuan, and on the way he was forced by discontented soldiers to execute his concubine Yang Kuei-feiYang Kuei-fei
, 719–56, concubine of the T'ang emperor Hsüan-tsung. The most famous beauty in Chinese history, in legend she is said to have captivated the emperor who then neglected state affairs.
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, who was blamed for demoralizing the court and was even rumored to have had a secret affair with An Lu-shan. An Lu-shan was killed by his son in 757. The rebellion lasted until 763, when foreign troops helped restore the T'ang dynasty to power.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

An Lu-shan

 

(original surname K’ang, first name Yaloshan). Died 757. Chinese military leader and member of the Hu tribe.

An Lu-shan entered military service and distinguished himself in battles with the Khitans in 736. In 742, he was appointed military vicegerent (chiehtushih) of the P’inglu Border District in northern China. Subsequently, An Lu-shan received new posts with the help of the T’ang emperor Hsüan Tsung’s concubine Yang Kuei-Fei, who supported and adopted him. He was also appointed vicegerent of the Fanyang District (the present-day province of Hopeh) in 744 and of the Hotung District (the present-day province of Shansi) in 751. With complete power concentrated in his hands in three of the ten border districts of the T’ang empire and with considerable military forces at his command, An Lu-shan stirred up a revolt in 755 and proclaimed himself emperor in 756. He was killed by his own son, An Ch’ing-hsiu.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tackett cautions us that his empirical data could change when many more epitaphs of the period are excavated, but for now he has more than fulfilled his stated objectives, to examine how the medieval Chinese aristocracy survived the An Lushan rebellion and why it disappeared at the end of the ninth century.
A long elaboration on them will help us better understand the whole poem as well as how it connects to Wang Wei's own experience in the An Lushan rebellion, but due to space limitations, it suffices to mention here that through such comparison with earlier historical figures the poem highlights Wang Wei's loyalty to the Tang and even interestingly points to poetic transparency--the last line suggests that poetry can serve as an unmediated medium to Wang's inner sincerity and "Song of White Hair" might possibly refer to Wang's poem we discussed earlier.
(92.) For details of the rebellion, see Edwin Pulleyblank, The Background of the Rebellion of An Lushan (Westport, 1982, 1955).
Born in Korea, he served the T'ang emperor Hsuan Tsung; won fame for his successful Stone Nation campaign against the Turfans of Tibet; led an army west of the Pamir Mountains (Tajik S.S.R.) to confront an Abbasid Arab army, and engaged in questionable and possibly treasonable intrigues (750-751); defeated at the decisive battle of the River Talas (751), which ended T'ang authority in central Asia; despite this reverse, he was later ennobled and sent against the rebel An Lushan (755); successfully defended T'ung Pass (northwest of Xian) but was accused of embezzlement and robbery later that year for illegal distribution of grain to his troops, and was executed (755).
As to why such practices came about, Groner speculates that the sale of ordination certificates in the wake of the An Lushan rebellion may have weakened their meaning, leading to a kind of reform movement that emphasized practice over the outward trappings of monasticism (pp.
Nevertheless, erudite scholarship is evident in all nine tightly packed thematic chapters that take the An Lushan rebellion as the pivotal point dividing the Tang dynasty into two halves--before and after the rebellion (geography of empire, foundation to rebellion, warlords and monopolists, urban life, rural society, outer world, kinship, religion, and writing).
According to Shavkunov, after the collapse of An Lushan's rebellion in China in 763, the number of Sogdians living in Bohai increased, because An Lushan himself was an ethnic Sogdian, while his army was composed of people from many ethnic groups.
In 755, during the An Lushan Rebellion, he experienced extreme personal hardships.
Rong Xinjiang's "The Religious Background to the An Lushan Rebellion" is, according to its author, a completely rewritten essay that is now double the length of its earlier Chinese iterations.
Through Yang's influence, An Lushan, a cunning young general of Turkish origin, rose to great prominence.
After Xuanzong fled to Shu, some of these horses ended up in the stables of one of An Lushan's commanders, their unusual talents unrecognized.
There is the suggestion that the Sogdian community along the Silk Road secretly planned and led both the An Lushan rebellion in Tang China, 755-757, as well as the Abbasid revolution in the Caliphate, 747-750 (p.