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Anabasis(ənăb`əsĭs): see XenophonXenophon
, c.430 B.C.–c.355 B.C., Greek historian, b. Athens. He was one of the well-to-do young disciples of Socrates before leaving Athens to join the Greek force (the Ten Thousand) that was in the service of Cyrus the Younger of Persia.
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a genus of plants of the family Chenopodiaceae. They are subshrubs or perennial grasses with short fleshy leaves or small scaly leaves in opposite leaf arrangement. The unisexual, five-jointed flowers are located in the axils of the leaves separately or in clusters of two to six flowers. There are two or three stigmas. The perianth is simple and scaly; the part nearest the berry-shaped fruit usually has winglike appendages. There are more than 30 species from Spain and North Africa to Central Asia; they are found primarily in Middle Asia. Approximately 30 species can be found in deserts and semideserts and on dry mountain slopes in the USSR. The species A. salsa is used as fodder, and the species A. aphylla is a source of several medicinal alkaloids (for example, anabasine and aphylline). The plant genus Echinochloa of the family Gramineae is also called Anabasis (for example, Echinochloa crus-galli).