anabolic steroid

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anabolic steroid

(ăn'əbŏl`ĭk stĕr`oid, stĭr`–) or

androgenic steroid

(ăn'drōjĕn`ĭk), any of a group of synthetic derivatives of testosteronetestosterone
, principal androgen, or male sex hormone. One of the group of compounds known as anabolic steroids, testosterone is secreted by the testes (see testis) but is also synthesized in small quantities in the ovaries, cortices of the adrenal glands, and placenta, usually
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 that promote muscle and bone growth. Used to treat uncontrolled weight loss in wasting diseases, anabolic steroids have also been taken by bodybuilders and athletes seeking increased muscle mass, strength, and stamina. Such use is banned by the International Olympic Committee and other governing bodies in sports, but not all sports test for steroids. Major League Baseball did not test for steroids until 2003, when random testing returned positive results on more than 5% of the players tested, and the National Hockey League still does not test. Under a 1988 federal law it is illegal to distribute anabolic steroids for nontherapeutic uses, and in 1991 they joined other abused drugs as controlled substances. Nonetheless, a precursor hormone called dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), which can convert to testosterone in the body, is available as a dietary supplement without a prescription. Abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to elevated cholesterol levels, liver disease, blood clots leading to heart attack or stroke, increased aggressiveness and irritability, and, in adolescents, permanent stunting of growth. See also steroidssteroids,
class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals.
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.

anabolic steroid

[‚an·ə¦bäl·ik ′sti‚rȯid]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of steroid hormones that increase anabolism.

anabolic steroid

any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones (androgens) used to stimulate muscle and bone growth for therapeutic or athletic purposes
References in periodicals archive ?
Two other men - Andrew Jonathon Dodd, 51, of Maes Refail, Henryd, Conwy, and David Michael Jenkins, 36, of Cornist Lane, Flint - pleaded guilty to all four charges of conspiring to import/export a Class C drug, producing and supplying anabolic steroids, and conspiring to conceal criminal property at an earlier hearing.
They found a kilogram of Nitrotain and a 20ml bottle of Ilium Stanabolic, both anabolic steroids and illegal for use on horses in Ireland.
It is also known as a long term anabolic steroid as it produces long lasting muscles and is more powerful in the longer term.
First, anabolic steroids have an accepted use in the treatment of several medical conditions.
There have been 13 arrests relating to the supply of anabolic steroids and 12 seizures of the drug since 2013, according to figures released to the ECHO under Freedom of Information laws.
To compete for Megan's affection with Will, a talented rugby player, he starts bodybuilding and becomes addicted to anabolic steroids.
We are thankful as well to other legislators and industry stakeholders who kept the serious issue of designer anabolic steroids in front of key colleagues in Congress.
According to UHS specialists, the abuse of anabolic steroids may also increase the possibility of prostate cancer and other serious diseases.
Males who did use a greater amount of nutritional supplements were also more apt to use anabolic steroids than those taking fewer supplements.
A rising number of adolescents are using anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) agents for non-medical purposes, despite the medical, legal, and ethical issues of non-medical usage of anabolic steroids continue to be discussed (David, (1990).
The 39-year-old's house was searched and a total of 1,700 pills believed to be anabolic steroids were also confiscated.
Co-author Jim McVeigh, from the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University, said that people injecting themselves with anabolic steroids and associated drugs are the biggest client group at many needle and syringe programs in the UK.