Anadyr


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Anadyr

(ənədĭr`), river, c.695 mi (1,120 km) long, rising on the Anadyr Plateau, NE Russian Far East, and flowing S then E into Anadyr Bay, an inlet of the Bering Sea. The Anadyr basin, a lowland between the Anadyr and Koryak ranges, is mostly covered by tundra. There are gold deposits near the river's mouth. The city of Anadyr (1989 pop. 17,000), capital of Chukotka Autonomous Area, is a port on the bay.

Anadyr’

 

(before 1920, Novo-Mariinsk), a city (before 1965, a settlement) and administrative center of the Chukchi National Okrug in Magadan Oblast, RSFSR. The city’s location on the shore of Anadyr’ Gulf and the Bering Sea permits direct sea routes between Anadyr’ and Petropa-vlovsk (Kamchatka), Vladivostok, Magadan, and various settled points in the Chukchi National Okrug. There are also air routes between Anadyr’ and Moscow, Khabarovsk, and Magadan. The population was 12,000 in 1967. Industry consists of a fish hatchery and coal mining. There is a pedagogical school, a museum of local lore, and a television center.


Anadyr’

 

a river in the Chukchi National Okrug, Magadan Oblast, RSFSR. Its length is 1,150 km, and the area of its basin is 191,000 sq km. It rises in the central part of the Anadyr’ Plateau. At first it flows south; after entering the lowland, it flows mainly east but changes its direction several times, winding around mountain ranges; it drains into the Onemen Bay of the Anadyr’ Gulf (Bering Sea). In the upper reaches the valley is narrow. In the middle and lower reaches it is a typical lowland river: at times there is no well-formed valley, and at other times the river breaks up into several branches. It is 6–7 km wide at the mouth. The main tributaries are the Iablon, Eropol, and Main on the right and Chineiveem, Belaia, and Taniurer on the left. It is fed by snow and rain. The annual rate of flow from an area of 106,000 sq km (254 km from the mouth) is about 1,000 cu m/sec. The river freezes in middle or late October and often in September in the upper reaches; the ice melts in late May or early June. The river is navigable for small vessels up to the village of Markovo (570 km) and a little higher at times of high water. There is fishing in the lower reaches and coal extraction in the basin.

In 1648 the explorer S. I. Dezhnev reached the mouth of the Anadyr’ and erected a winter headquarters, which later became the Anadyr’ jail; in the 18th century Dm. Laptev reached the Anadyr’ and left a description of it.

Anadyr

1. a town in Russia, in NE Siberia at the mouth of the Anadyr River. Pop.: 6586 (1993 est.)
2. a mountain range in Russia, in NE Siberia, rising over 1500 m (5000 ft.)
3. a river in Russia, rising in mountains on the Arctic Circle, south of the Anadyr Range, and flowing east to the Gulf of Anadyr. Length: 725 km (450 miles)
4. Gulf of. an inlet of the Bering Sea, off the coast of NE Russia
References in periodicals archive ?
Beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) are abundant in the coastal waters of Chukotka, Russia, distributed from the Gulf of Anadyr to the Chukchi Sea (Tomilin, 1957; Kleinenberg et al.
Aerial observations have shown that ivory gulls winter in the pack ice of the Gulf of Anadyr and adjacent waters (Trukhin and Kosygin, 1987).
Charter flights take passengers to and from Nome and Anchorage to Provideniya and Anadyr in the Russian Far East.
The minister's remarks were followed by those of the General Staff's chief of operations, General Semyon Ivanov, who reported on the capabilities of military installations as envisioned under Operation ANADYR and on the movement of ships carrying military cargoes to Cuba.
Some bowheads moved north annually through Bering Strait, while others remained in the Gulf of Anadyr and the northwestern Bering Sea.
Starting out from Anadyr, Benedict travelled with two other guides through the unforgiving Siberian Arctic for three months, towards the fringes of the Bering Strait.
Smith's 1994 book Operation ANADYR did for the November 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis.
Anadyr de Mendonca Rodrigues, a retired federal prosecutor, was picked to head the body, which will have the status of a ministry and will seek to punish those responsible for administrative irregularities and to return lost funds to public coffers.
President Cardoso named Anadyr de Mendonca Rodrigues to a
They also range from Hokkaido in Japan north to the Anadyr River in Kamchatka.
The Kerek settled in a narrow strip along the coast of the Bering Sea, from Anadyr to the north of Kamchatka, near the bird colonies they feed on.