In the Analects, the
most reliable record we have of the actual words of Confucius, tian is often consistent with the concept of God, or at least an all-powerful, morally directed, purposive, personal entity.
Confucius: Confucian analects, the
great learning and the doctrine of the mean.
Ideally, according to the Analects, the
older a person becomes, the
Drawing on the Analects, the
writings of Zhu Xi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1130-1200), and the work of contemporary Confucians like Feng Youlan and Tang Junyi, Weiming explains that in Confucianism "a genuine civil society is not an adversarial system but a fiduciary community.
References to Chinese texts--the Mengzi, the Analects, the
Zhongyong (rendered as Maintaining Perfect Balance or (more commonly) as The Doctrine of the Mean--"will be by the traditional divisions of the texts into chapter and section.
Apart from demonstrating provincial officials' familiarity with the Analects, the
so-called Confucian tablet is the first artifact that supports a theory that the kokufu functioned before the establishment of a system of central autocracy in the seventh century.
But the Analects, the
Great Learning, and The Doctrine of the Mean do not use the family as a model of the state.
Whereas according to the Analects, the
Master said, "At 15 I set my heart on learning; at 30 I took my stand; at 40 I came to be free from doubts; at 50 I understood the Decree of Heaven; at 60 my ear was attuned; at 70 I followed my heart's desire without overstepping the line.
Different from the dialogues of questions and answers between Confucius and his disciples in the Analects, the
characteristic of midwifery is that the participants of the dialogues ask and answer questions concerning the same theme (3), in order to reveal the absurdity (4) and loopholes in people's daily beliefs, that is, "the derivation of something universal from the particular.
2) James Legge (New York: Dover Press, 1971) Confucius: Confucian Analects, the
Great Learning and the Doctrine of the Mean, pp.