Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the Krasnodar Krai of the RSFSR, primarily a children’s health resort featuring warm climate and mineral muds. Located on the northeastern shore of Anapa Bay on the Black Sea, 33 kilometers from the Tonnel’naia railroad station, on the Krasnodar-Novorossiisk railroad; there is a connecting highway. Population in 1968, 23,000.

In ancient times there was a settlement of Sindhis —Sindskaia Harbor (or Sindika)—where Anapa now stands. After its annexation by the kingdom of the Bosporus in the fourth century B.C., this settlement was known as Gorgippiia. Turkey seized it in 1475 and transformed it into a powerful fortress in 1781–82. It was annexed to Russia by the Adrianople Treaty of 1829. A city since 1840, Anapa became a health resort in 1866.

Anapa offers a moderately moist, warm climate with mild winters and very warm summers, sun cures, sea bathing from June to October along a sandy beach that gently slopes into the sea, mineral silt mud, and mineral springs. There are treatments for patients with nontubercular respiratory diseases, functional diseases of the nervous system, gynecological disorders, anemia, and other problems. It has sanatoriums, rest homes, and boarding houses for mothers and children that are open all year.

In Anapa food and light industrial enterprises serve the health resort. Also located there are an agricultural technical school and a museum of regional studies. Wine is made in the region in local vineyards.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TurkStream will start on the Russian coast near the town of Anapa and run over 560 miles through the Black Sea to come ashore in the Thrace region of Turkey.
Art history is palpable in his works, and the descriptions of his paintings often make recourse to other artists: He describes the vibrant, large-scale J ANAPA II, 1978, of jaunty red, yellow, and white shapes, as marrying the differing approaches to color of Matisse and Mondrian.
The previous version was to begin from Anapa, with an estimated length of the underwater section measuring 781.
The new agreement allows Emirates customers to connect seamlessly through Moscow to a range of destinations: Anapa, Astrakhan, Barnaul, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kemerovo, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Mineralny Vody, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Noviy Urengoy, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Sochi, St.
The 18000 worked to a tight deadline at the Kazachya plant in Anapa to install 10 giant absorbers, which weighted up to 230 tonnes each.
A new retro-comedy has gained special evaluation from the International Film Festival of the CIS countries of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Georgia in the city of Anapa, Russia.
FECNE Nuclear Components, a Bucharest-based plant controlled by Italy's Walter Tosto Group, will supply three separators to Russia's gas producer Gazprom to be fitted in the world's biggest gas compression station that is under construction in Russia in a deal worth EUR 1.8 million.FECNE said the deal has a "strategic importance" that will help it become a global player in the industrial equipments sector.Gazprom aims to start operations on the CS Russkaya complex in the second quarter of 2014 and expects FECNE's separators to be delivered by February 2014.Luca Tosto, CEO FECNE, said the company will work closely with OMZ Group, an industry steel producer owned by Gazprom, to make the separators."The project comprises five separators for the installations in Anapa (Russia).
Summary: ANAPA, Russia - Russian energy giant Gazprom is spending billions to expand its already massive footprint in Europe.
His critical report, "Energy and Security from the Caspian to Europe", and the proposed LNG for NATO Act came days after Russian President Vladimir Putin recently launched the construction of the South Stream gas pipeline in the Russian Black Sea town of Anapa. This pipeline is to export natural gas to eastern and southern European countries.
It did so in Anapa, Russia, on 7 December, in the presence of Russia's President Vladimir Putin.
Basic Elementa[euro](tm)s contribution to the JV would consist of over USD500m (EUR399m) worth of assets including its shares in the Krasnodar regiona[euro](tm)s airports Sochi, Krasnodar, Anapa and Gelendzhik.
The bank said the developer was expected to use the funds to build a health resort in the city of Anapa.