Anastasio Somoza

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Somoza, Anastasio


Born Feb. 1, 1896, in San Marcos; died Sept. 29, 1956, in the Panama Canal Zone. Nicaraguan state figure and general.

After holding several public posts, Somoza became head of the National Guard in 1932. From 1936 to 1947 and from 1950 to 1956, he was president of Nicaragua, but in fact he governed the country for 20 years. Under his rule, thousands of patriots were killed, including the national hero of Nicaragua, A. Sandino, and trade unions and democratic organizations were liquidated. Somoza dispatched troops to fight against progressive forces in Costa Rica in 1948 and to organize intervention in Guatemala in 1954. His policies led to the strengthening of Nicaragua’s economic, military, and political dependence on the USA. Somoza was fatally wounded by an assassin.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Roosevelt about Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza.
Ortega came to power in 1979 with the victory of the Sandinista Revolution that toppled US-backed dictator Anastasio Somoza.
MANAGUA, Nicaragua -- Nicaragua marked the 39th anniversary of the 1979 revolution against dictator Anastasio Somoza on Thursday, despite an ongoing political crisis that has seen hundreds killed in a government crackdown on protesters seeking President Daniel Ortega's exit from office.
The protesters demand the resignation of Ortega, a former leftist guerrilla who came to power with the popular uprising that defeated the dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1979, and retook the presidency in 2007 after a vote.
He is known to visit Masaya, recognised as the cradle of Sandinismo, annually, not least to commemorate the death of a brother killed 40 years ago by Anastasio Somoza's dreaded National Guard.
At the time of the popular, Sandinista-led revolution in 1979 against the dictator Anastasio Somoza, rebels found it was easy to lever these blocks out of the roadway and stack them into effective barricades as the armed revolt spread through Nicaragua's cities and towns.
The henchmen of the U.S.-backed strongman Anastasio Somoza would often dump the bodies of their victims there.
Ben and I were among the many thousands of young volunteers from the United States and other parts of the world who wanted to witness and contribute to the rebuilding of Nicaragua following the triumph of the Sandinista Revolution over the repressive dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza. It was a time of amazing hope, dreams and struggle; it was a time of unnecessary war, pain and suffering.