Anastasio Somoza

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Somoza, Anastasio


Born Feb. 1, 1896, in San Marcos; died Sept. 29, 1956, in the Panama Canal Zone. Nicaraguan state figure and general.

After holding several public posts, Somoza became head of the National Guard in 1932. From 1936 to 1947 and from 1950 to 1956, he was president of Nicaragua, but in fact he governed the country for 20 years. Under his rule, thousands of patriots were killed, including the national hero of Nicaragua, A. Sandino, and trade unions and democratic organizations were liquidated. Somoza dispatched troops to fight against progressive forces in Costa Rica in 1948 and to organize intervention in Guatemala in 1954. His policies led to the strengthening of Nicaragua’s economic, military, and political dependence on the USA. Somoza was fatally wounded by an assassin.

References in periodicals archive ?
Roosevelt, when asked about American support for the notorious Nicaraguan despot Anastasio Somoza, purportedly replied, "He may be a son of a bitch, but he's our son of a bitch.
13) Anastasio Somoza had seized control of Nicaragua in 1936, and he remained very much in charge of that country until his assassination in 1956.
PN chief Aminta Granera, a former nun who left the church in the 1970s to join the Sandinista struggle against dictator Anastasio Somoza DeBayle, went to the scene of the crime and promised a thorough investigation.
Later, he learned that the rector was a cousin of Nicaragua's brutal dictator, Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
En 1979, tras la victoria del Frente Sandinista contra las fuerzas de Anastasio Somoza, fue nombrado Ministro de Cultura, puesto que retuvo hasta 1987.
Cardenal, who supported the 1979 revolution that ousted dictator Anastasio Somoza and became culture minister under Sandinista President Daniel Ortega in 1980, has criticised the papacies of Benedict and his predecessor John Paul II as a "step backward" for the Church.
pez to assassinate dictator Anastasio Somoza Garcia.
Also like me, he was one of many thousands of young volunteers from the United States and other parts of the world who wanted to witness and contribute to the rebuilding of Nicaragua following the triumph of the Sandinista revolution over the repressive dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza.
Ortega led the Sandinista movement that overthrew dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1979, and withstood a concerted effort by the U.
The rum survived the uprising against dictator Anastasio Somoza and an almost decade-long cM1 war that pitted the Sandinista government against U.
They describe the immediate interference in Nicaraguan affairs by the US after formal independence in the 19th century, including invasion and occupation between 1912 and 1933 and the US-sponsorship of the Somoza dictatorial dynasty through to the overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in 1979.
Ortega led the 1979 Sandinista uprising that ousted the US-backed government of Anastasio Somoza and served as president from 1985-1990.