Anastasio Somoza


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Somoza, Anastasio

 

Born Feb. 1, 1896, in San Marcos; died Sept. 29, 1956, in the Panama Canal Zone. Nicaraguan state figure and general.

After holding several public posts, Somoza became head of the National Guard in 1932. From 1936 to 1947 and from 1950 to 1956, he was president of Nicaragua, but in fact he governed the country for 20 years. Under his rule, thousands of patriots were killed, including the national hero of Nicaragua, A. Sandino, and trade unions and democratic organizations were liquidated. Somoza dispatched troops to fight against progressive forces in Costa Rica in 1948 and to organize intervention in Guatemala in 1954. His policies led to the strengthening of Nicaragua’s economic, military, and political dependence on the USA. Somoza was fatally wounded by an assassin.

References in periodicals archive ?
backed strongman Anastasio Somoza would often dump the bodies of their victims there.
Ben and I were among the many thousands of young volunteers from the United States and other parts of the world who wanted to witness and contribute to the rebuilding of Nicaragua following the triumph of the Sandinista Revolution over the repressive dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza.
El exodo centroamericano tiene entre sus causas el despojo iniciado por Anastasio Somoza y continuado hoy.
Su presencia se dio a partir de la instauracion y hasta el fin de la dictadura de Anastasio Somoza Garcia.
At about the same time, Cardenal joined protests against the imprisonment and torture of those who opposed Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
13) Anastasio Somoza had seized control of Nicaragua in 1936, and he remained very much in charge of that country until his assassination in 1956.
De regreso a su patria creo, en la isla de Solentiname, una comunidad catolico-marxista-artesanal, donde permanecio durante doce anos, ya que fue disuelta con violencia por el Gobierno de Anastasio Somoza, del que Cardenal fue un declarado enemigo politico.
The INSS is simply too cash strapped, says its director Roberto Lopez, who blames the agency's money woes on former dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1967-1979) and on the conservative governments that led Nicaraguan between 1990, when Ortega lost a re-election bid to Violeta Chamarro, and 2007, when he was finally able to squeeze back into power (NotiCen, Jan.
Estuvo en 1979 un par de veces en la violenta Nicaragua y muy cerca estuvo de morir bajo las balas disparadas por guardias del dictador Anastasio Somoza.
Mercedes Moncada puede hablar desde dentro y desde afuera de la Revolucion; advierte que su vision se apoya en la experiencia emocional con el FSLN, desde la muerte del dictador Anastasio Somoza, la efervescencia de la lucha armada, la apertura de un horizonte donde, en palabras de la realizadora, "cada uno era la mejor version de si mismo", hasta el tiempo del desencanto y la traicion de los principios politicos.
Y el empleo repetido del termino, tanto por la poblacion como por los medios de comunicacion nacionales y extranjeros, ha quedado como testimonio de la incuestionable simbiosis entre la poblacion nicaraguense, su juventud y los guerrilleros sandinistas que combatieron codo a codo la dictadura de Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
Cardenal, who supported the 1979 revolution that ousted dictator Anastasio Somoza and became culture minister under Sandinista President Daniel Ortega in 1980, has criticised the papacies of Benedict and his predecessor John Paul II as a "step backward" for the Church.