Anastasio Somoza Debayle


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Somoza Debayle, Anastasio

(änästäs`yō sōmō`sä thābī`lā), 1925–80, president of Nicaragua (1967–72, 1974—79). The younger son of dictator Anastasio SomozaSomoza, Anastasio
, 1896–1956, president of Nicaragua (1937–47, 1950–56). After the end (1933) of U.S. military intervention in Nicaragua, he rose to power as head of the national guard.
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, he was educated in the United States. He assumed command of the national guard at age 21 and was elected president in 1967. Barred from immediate reelection, he resigned (1972), nominally yielding power until the 1974 elections; however, as commander of the corrupt and brutal national guard, he effectively retained power. As president, he dealt ruthlessly with opposition. By the late 1970s, his regime was denounced by human-rights organizations and by the U.S. government, and support for violent insurrection spread. Somoza fled Nicaragua on the eve of the revolutionary victory in 1979. He was assassinated in Paraguay.
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1967 Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes President of Nicaragua.
At about the same time, Cardenal joined protests against the imprisonment and torture of those who opposed Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
The INSS is simply too cash strapped, says its director Roberto Lopez, who blames the agency's money woes on former dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1967-1979) and on the conservative governments that led Nicaraguan between 1990, when Ortega lost a re-election bid to Violeta Chamarro, and 2007, when he was finally able to squeeze back into power (NotiCen, Jan.
In 1979, Nicaragua experienced a revolution, when a socialist group called the Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrew the government of Anastasio Somoza DeBayle. The Sandinistas ruled Nicaragua until 1990, but during that time Nicaragua was in a state of civil war between them and organized militias called Contras, who received substantial backing from the U.S.
They describe the immediate interference in Nicaraguan affairs by the US after formal independence in the 19th century, including invasion and occupation between 1912 and 1933 and the US-sponsorship of the Somoza dictatorial dynasty through to the overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in 1979.
Desde el terremoto de 1972, que destruyo Managua y priorizo una urgente reconstruccion, se hizo evidente la codicia del tercer y ultimo Somoza, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, que le llevo a introducirse en sectores economicos y financieros que antes habia respetado.