Anatolii Nesterov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nesterov, Anatolii Innokent’evich


Born Oct. 27 (Nov. 8), 1895, in the village of Chistoostrovskoe in what is now Krasnoiarsk Krai. Soviet doctor of internal medicine. Academician (1950) and vice-president (1953–57) of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1946). Hero of Socialist Labor (1965). Member of the CPSU since 1946.

Nesterov graduated from the medical department of the University of Tomsk in 1920. From 1936 to 1939 he was director of the clinical research institute in Sochi and simultaneously head of the subdepartment of rheumatology at the Central Institute for the Advanced Training of Physicians, which was organized from the Sochi institute. Between 1939 and 1941 he was director and scientific head of the clinic at the State Central Institute of Health Resort Science in Moscow. From 1941 to 1943 he was a professor of hospital clinical internal medicine at the Novosibirsk Medical Institute and from 1944 to 1950 director of the State Institute of Physiotherapy. In 1947 he began working at the Second Moscow Medical Institute as head of the subdepartment of general medical sciences with didactic technique presentation; at the same time, from 1958 to 1970, he was director of the research institute of rheumatism of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR.

Nesterov’s principal works deal with the pathology of blood circulation, rheumatism, and diseases of the joints, and with health resort science and military field therapy. He served as president of the All-Union Scientific Society of Internists in 1962 and of the All-Union Rheumatological Society in 1966. He is an honorary member of 14 foreign scientific societies. A recipient of the Lenin Prize (1974), Nesterov has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.


Klinika kollagenovykh boleznei, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966. (With Ia. A. Sigidin.)
Revmatizm, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.