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see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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; racerace,
one of the group of populations regarded as constituting humanity. The differences that have historically determined the classification into races are predominantly physical aspects of appearance that are generally hereditary.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of taking a date for the Aurignacian as a date for anatomically modern humans and modern behaviour, we can look at the dating evidence for each of the aspects in the debate separately:
Furthermore, it is doubtful that these south Siberian Neandertals evolved into anatomically modern humans, as some Russian workers believe.
Washington, June 15 ( ANI ): Uranium-series dating has revealed that the practice of cave art in Europe began up to 10,000 years earlier than previously thought, indicating the paintings were created either by the first anatomically modern humans in Europe or, perhaps, by Neanderthals.
The earliest evidence of red-pigment use comes from that time, prior to the evolution of anatomically modern humans.
The humans who arrived in Europe during the Upper Palaeolithic era, Cro-Magnons or anatomically modern humans, replaced the Neanderthal populations.
Perhaps a major historical stumbling block has been an overemphasis on gauging the physiological and behavioural aspect of this species against those of the Upper Palaeolithic anatomically modern humans (AMH) which eventually replaced it.
Eswaran says that in 1997, he was "powerfully struck" by the notion that diffusion provides a way to explain a major anthropological mystery--the rise of anatomically modern humans.
Since their discovery they have been attributed to Neanderthals who lived around 200,000 to 40,000 years ago, but this new study suggested they belong to anatomically modern humans.
For much of the twentieth century, the prevailing view among archaeologists was that Anatomically Modern Humans (AMHs) associated with Upper Palaeolithic (UP) and Late Stone Age (LSA) cultures could be considered behaviourally modern, whereas archaic Homo sapiens and Neanderthal populations, associated with Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Middle Palaeolithic (MP) cultures, could not.
The Oase skull's strange combination of modern and archaic characteristics underscores scientific confusion about how to define anatomically modern humans, Trinkaus adds.
The papers that follow are primarily concerned with anatomical evidence for interaction; Brauer examines physical features in anatomically modern humans claimed to be indicative of 'gene flow' between Neanderthal and AMH populations, whilst Hublin and Bailey adopt the converse approach and search for physical traits seen as typically AMH in Neanderthals.
She also suspects that the first anatomically modern humans, who lived at least 200,000 years ago, had all the manual capabilities of people today.