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see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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; racerace,
one of the group of populations regarded as constituting humanity. The differences that have historically determined the classification into races are predominantly physical aspects of appearance that are generally hereditary.
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References in periodicals archive ?
When the out-of-Africa migrations of anatomically modern humans are taken into consideration, a window is opened that points towards the emergence and nature of such variations and their attendant diseases.
It is widely acknowledged that during this time, anatomically modern humans started to move out of Africa and assimilated coeval Eurasian populations, including Neanderthals, through interbreeding.
Accessible and entertaining, Mary Soderstrom begins "Road Through Time: The Story of Humanity on the Move" with the story of how anatomically modern humans left Africa to populate the world.
"The South African [Middle Stone Age] has become an ideal canvas for the development and elaboration of models helping us to understand the first societies of anatomically modern humans, before their dispersal on the Eurasian continent," the researchers said.
The Toba eruption: This supervolcanic eruption occurred in Toba, Indonesia, around 70,000 years ago and is believed to have killed nearly all anatomically modern humans living at the time.
"It is reasonable to suppose that anatomically modern humans have been present in Arabia for at least 125,000 years, and possibly a little longer."
Benazzi said the state-of-the-art methods adopted in this research attribute the teeth to anatomically modern humans. "They result to date back to 42,000-40,000 years ago, a period when interesting prehistoric cultures spread across Europe before the demise of Neandertals," he explained.
Toups et al., "Origin of Clothing Lice Indicates Early Clothing Use by Anatomically Modern Humans in Africa," Molecular Biology and Evolution 28, no.
To better understand the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and the dispersal of anatomically modern humans from Africa into Eurasia, Tostevin (anthropology, U.
In Chapter 3, Sterelny appeals to his model to explain two of the great puzzles of paleoanthropology, namely, why Neanderthals went extinct and why anatomically modern humans took so long (perhaps 150,000 years) to become behaviorally modern.
The researchers found hints that selection acting on a few genes related to skeletal and neurological development may have played a role in the emergence of anatomically modern humans.