Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


Annau or Anau (both: ənouˈ), town, in S Turkmenistan, 5 mi (8 km) SE of Ashgabat, near the Iranian border. At Annau, Raphael Pumpelly discovered (1903) traces of habitation dating back to c.3000 B.C. The excavations uncovered artifacts indicating cultivation of grain; beautifully designed pottery was also found.


See R. Pumpelly, The Prehistoric Civilization of Anau (1908).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



ruins of ancient agricultural settlements and towns (from the Aeneolithic age to the Middle Ages) on the site of the present-day village of the same name near Ashkhabad, Turkmen SSR. The northern and southern hills of Anau became world famous when the ruins of settlements of the Aeneolithic and the Bronze ages were excavated. The American archaeological expedition of R. Pumpelly (1904) discovered four groups. In the lower layers of the northern hill (group Anau I) they discovered ruins of houses of raw brick with traces of paintings on the walls, copper ornaments, and molded vessels with geometric paintings. In the upper layers (group Anau II) ceramics with paintings in two colors were found. Anau I and Anau II date from the fifth to fourth millennia B.C. Group Anau III (the lower layer of the southern hill) dates from the third to second millennia B.C. In this period, ceramic articles became more widespread and the number of copper articles increased; terracotta carts as well as statuettes of women and animals have been found. Anau IV (upper layers of the southern hill) date from the tenth to the fourth centuries B.C. Iron articles have also been found in this group.

The excavation of Anau has yielded abundant material on the history of the early agricultural tribes of the southwest of Middle Asia and has established the existence of ties between Anau and the agricultural cultures of Asia Minor. Ruins of a mosque (1456) were found on the site of the medieval settlement; the mosque was destroyed by an earthquake in 1948. It consisted of a large domed central building surrounded by a group of buildings of various functions. The buildings formed an intricate spatial composition. The structure was remarkable for the variety of artistic designs and the beauty of the facing (mosaic and glazed panels). The northern portal was decorated with drawings of two dragons, a rare representation for Middle Asia.


Tr. luzhno-Turkmenskoi arkheologicheskoi kompleksnoi ekspedit-sii, vol. 7. Ashkhabad, 1956.
Pugachenkova, G. A. Mechet’ Anau. Ashkhabad, 1959.
Pumpelly, R. Explorations in Turkestan: Expedition of 1904, vols. 1–2. Washington, D. C., 1908.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Less than an hour later, at 11am local time, the plane's crumpled wreckage was found at Gertrude Saddle - a grassy clearing south of Te Anau.
From Queenstown on Lake Wakatipu we had come by bus to Te Anau where the launch was waiting to take us some forty miles northward to the head of the lake.
The Track is a trail between the head of the Lake Te Anau and Milford Sound in Fjordland National Park which occupies nearly 2.5 million acres.
Larne have released a trio of players for a reported breach of club discipline - the highly-rated Ralph Kottoy, David Abe and Julien Anau have all departed Inver Park.
Yet at our community clinic, care is available to every tangata whaiora and wh anau, whether they can afford to pay or not.
Half of the 3 million trees will be planted in a 62 mile stretch between the towns of Anau and Baharly in the country's south, while the other half is to be planted in by local authorities across Turkmenistan's five regions, a report on said.
- Te Anau Target - 4 holes testing a large arsenic anomaly associated with major geological structures (faults) interpreted from magnetic data.
Fiordland motorcamp operator Aaron Nicholson had proposed that a two-kilometre stretch of the Waiau River between Lakes Manapouri and Te Anau be renamed Anduin Reach.
Day 11 & 12 - Invercargill to Te Anau (184 miles) Having visited the far north, it seemed only right to visit the far south.
Cloudy weather frustrated search efforts by rescue teams and police in Te Anau said yesterday that the search has now been suspended pending further information.
The couple, from the village of Tain, died when the single-engined Cessna crashed during a scenic flight from Te Anau to Milford Sound fjord in good weather conditions.