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see AnnauAnnau
or Anau
, town, in S Turkmenistan, 5 mi (8 km) SE of Ashgabat, near the Iranian border. At Annau, Raphael Pumpelly discovered (1903) traces of habitation dating back to c.3000 B.C.
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, Turkmenistan.



ruins of ancient agricultural settlements and towns (from the Aeneolithic age to the Middle Ages) on the site of the present-day village of the same name near Ashkhabad, Turkmen SSR. The northern and southern hills of Anau became world famous when the ruins of settlements of the Aeneolithic and the Bronze ages were excavated. The American archaeological expedition of R. Pumpelly (1904) discovered four groups. In the lower layers of the northern hill (group Anau I) they discovered ruins of houses of raw brick with traces of paintings on the walls, copper ornaments, and molded vessels with geometric paintings. In the upper layers (group Anau II) ceramics with paintings in two colors were found. Anau I and Anau II date from the fifth to fourth millennia B.C. Group Anau III (the lower layer of the southern hill) dates from the third to second millennia B.C. In this period, ceramic articles became more widespread and the number of copper articles increased; terracotta carts as well as statuettes of women and animals have been found. Anau IV (upper layers of the southern hill) date from the tenth to the fourth centuries B.C. Iron articles have also been found in this group.

The excavation of Anau has yielded abundant material on the history of the early agricultural tribes of the southwest of Middle Asia and has established the existence of ties between Anau and the agricultural cultures of Asia Minor. Ruins of a mosque (1456) were found on the site of the medieval settlement; the mosque was destroyed by an earthquake in 1948. It consisted of a large domed central building surrounded by a group of buildings of various functions. The buildings formed an intricate spatial composition. The structure was remarkable for the variety of artistic designs and the beauty of the facing (mosaic and glazed panels). The northern portal was decorated with drawings of two dragons, a rare representation for Middle Asia.


Tr. luzhno-Turkmenskoi arkheologicheskoi kompleksnoi ekspedit-sii, vol. 7. Ashkhabad, 1956.
Pugachenkova, G. A. Mechet’ Anau. Ashkhabad, 1959.
Pumpelly, R. Explorations in Turkestan: Expedition of 1904, vols. 1–2. Washington, D. C., 1908.


References in periodicals archive ?
Less than an hour later, at 11am local time, the plane's crumpled wreckage was found at Gertrude Saddle - a grassy clearing south of Te Anau.
From Queenstown on Lake Wakatipu we had come by bus to Te Anau where the launch was waiting to take us some forty miles northward to the head of the lake.
5G to more than 30 locations, expanded capacity on more than 100 sites and built new sites in popular holiday locations such as Helena Bay, Kaeo, Mangawhai Heads, Raglan, Waikawa and Te Anau.
During the hours of darkness that's done by helicopter, which can take 40 minutes to arrive, if coming from Te Anau or an hour if coming from Dunedin.
Through PARS' Wh anau Transport service, volunteers contribute their time and vehicles to drive families and whanau to see loved ones in prison.
Half of the 3 million trees will be planted in a 62 mile stretch between the towns of Anau and Baharly in the country's south, while the other half is to be planted in by local authorities across Turkmenistan's five regions, a report on Turkmenistan.
Te Anau Target - 4 holes testing a large arsenic anomaly associated with major geological structures (faults) interpreted from magnetic data.
Fiordland motorcamp operator Aaron Nicholson had proposed that a two-kilometre stretch of the Waiau River between Lakes Manapouri and Te Anau be renamed Anduin Reach.
Day 11 & 12 - Invercargill to Te Anau (184 miles) Having visited the far north, it seemed only right to visit the far south.
Cloudy weather frustrated search efforts by rescue teams and police in Te Anau said yesterday that the search has now been suspended pending further information.
The couple, from the village of Tain, died when the single-engined Cessna crashed during a scenic flight from Te Anau to Milford Sound fjord in good weather conditions.
In 2009 Outside Sports merged with two other well established companies to form the enlarged Outside Sports group which has shops in Queenstown, Wanaka and Te Anau.