Anaximander


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Anaximander

(ənăk'sĭmăn`dər), c.611–c.547 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Miletus; pupil of ThalesThales
, c.636–c.546 B.C., pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Miletus and reputed founder of the Milesian school of philosophy. He is the first recorded Western philosopher. Thales taught that everything in nature is composed of one basic stuff, which he thought to be water.
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. He made the first attempt to offer a detailed explanation of all aspects of nature. Anaximander argued that since there are so many different sorts of things, they must all have originated from something less differentiated than water, and this primary source, the boundless or the indefinite (apeiron), had always existed, filled all space, and, by its constant motion, separated opposites out from itself, e.g., hot and cold, moist and dry. These opposites interact by encroaching on one another and thus repay one another's "injustice." The result is a plurality of worlds that successively decay and return to the indefinite. The notion of the indefinite and its processes prefigured the later conception of the indestructibility of matter. Anaximander also had a theory of the relation of earth to the heavenly bodies, important in the history of astronomy. His view that man achieved his physical state by adaptation to environment, that life had evolved from moisture, and that man developed from fish, anticipates the theory of evolution.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Selegman (1974), C. H. Kahn (3d ed. 1994), and C. Rovelli (tr. 2011).

Anaximander

611--547 bc, Greek philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician who believed the first principle of the world to be the Infinite
References in periodicals archive ?
With Anaximander's brief and famously cryptic fragment on being, boundlessness, injustice, and order of time as an interpretive guidepost, I seek here to highlight and to reflect on the significance of some of those connections, and in the process, to demonstrate what I believe metaphysics to be, and what it will require for its future practice.
Milan Dekleva (1946), the author of one of the most notable poetic oeuvres in the last thirty years, made the pre-Socratic thinker Anaximander the central character and speaker in his collection Panicni clovek [Panic Man] (1990) a decade before 2000, the landmark date I chose for this study.
If you prefer your physics steeped in context, though, this new volume is the place to dive in, for Rovelli writes eloquently here about historical figures from Anaximander to Einstein, and even poets like Dante and Shakespeare.
are often created with specific aims in " The earliest Greek known to have made a map of the world was Anaximander.
The most explicit discussion of Zwiesprache I'm aware of appears an essay by Heidegger on the saying of Anaximander. "If we are able to hear the saying," Heidegger tells us, "it then no longer speaks to us as an opinion historically long past" (Heidegger 1950a, p.
His pupil, Anaximander, posited the existence of an invisible eternal substance, apeiron, that gave rise to everything that we perceive.
It has been noted that in stating about the parallel universes that "each exists, apart and independently, in the bosom of its proper and particular God" Poe unconsciously reiterated the cosmography of Anaximander (the Ionian philosopher), who similarly "declared the innumerable worlds to be gods" (cf.
Nonetheless, wind was defined as moving [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] by Anaximander at the latest (e.g., Anaximander, Frr.
Moreover, students of every discipline can find texts relevant to them: Gilgamesh's forays into the cedar wood of Humbaba inspires wonder about humans' innate need to destroy nature as a means of asserting mastery over it, and Anaximander's theories that all life originated in the sea inspires awe at the human capacity for logic and critical thinking.
I will also be referring to Heidegger's essay "The Anaximander Fragment," which is a powerful intertext in Derrida's book.
En Pictorial maps: History, design, ideas, sources Nigel Holmes contradice estas evidencias, pues segun el las versiones oficiales mencionan dos posibilidades de identificacion del primer mapa de la historia, el primero, el de Anaximander en 560 a.C.