Anaximenes


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Related to Anaximenes: Anaximander, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Heraclitus

Anaximenes

(ăn'əksĭm`ĭnēz), Greek philosopher, 6th cent. B.C., last of the Milesian school founded by ThalesThales
, c.636–c.546 B.C., pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Miletus and reputed founder of the Milesian school of philosophy. He is the first recorded Western philosopher. Thales taught that everything in nature is composed of one basic stuff, which he thought to be water.
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. With Thales he held that a single element lay behind the diversity of nature, and with AnaximanderAnaximander
, c.611–c.547 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Miletus; pupil of Thales. He made the first attempt to offer a detailed explanation of all aspects of nature.
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 he sought a principle to account for diversity. He believed that single element to be air. The principle of diversification he taught was rarefaction and condensation. Different objects were therefore merely different degrees of density of the one basic element. Anaximenes anticipates the spirit of modern scientific practice that seeks to explain qualitative differences quantitatively.
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References in periodicals archive ?
For an in depth critique of what may be claimed, as European originated thought, advisably a reading of the works, of early or ancient philosophers (from the Milesian philosophers-Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, to Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Zeno, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, is suggested.
A fragment by Anaximenes of Miletus, known for elevating air to the principal originary element, reads: 'since we come into being by an efflux from this (air), it is bound to be both non-limited and rich so that it never fails' (Anaximenes of Miletus, 1948: 19).
Por ejemplo, Tales argumento que el agua era la fuente de todas las cosas; Anaximenes situo al aire como el centro de todas las cosas, y Democrito desarrollo una teoria atomica del universo.
O estudante de filosofia chega a desanimar quando le que "Thales disse que tudo era agua", mais ainda quando seus estudos avancam nos filosofos pre-socraticos e lhe e dito que tudo no universo e composto de terra (Xenofanes), de ar (Anaximenes), de fogo (Heraclito) ou de todos juntos (Empedocles).