Anchorage (ăngˈkərĭj), city (2020 pop. 291,247), Anchorage census div., S central Alaska, a port at the head of Cook Inlet; inc. 1920. It is the largest city in the state, the administrative and commercial heart of S central and W Alaska, one of the nation's key defense centers, and a vital transportation hub. Glenn Highway connects the city to the Alaska Highway and the Parks Highway. The international airport is a regular stop on intercontinental and transpolar flights. Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson is in the city. Anchorage is also the headquarters for the major oil and gas companies in Alaska. With oil discoveries in Cook Inlet in the late 1950s, and the discovery of massive petroleum and natural gas reserves in the Prudhoe Bay region in 1968, the population has more than quadrupled. Tourism has also increased dramatically, largely due to improvements in transportation and the creation of numerous national parks.
Anchorage was founded (1915) as construction headquarters for the Alaska RR and grew as a railroad town. It also became a fishing center, a market and supply point for gold-mining regions to the north, and the metropolis for the coal mining and farming of the Matanuska valley. World War II brought the establishment of the large military bases and the enormous growth of air and rail traffic. The city was heavily damaged in the great 1964 earthquake; stricter building codes helped reduce damage in the less intense 2018 earthquake. Points of interest include Earthquake Park and several notable museums. The annual Iditarod Race (see under Iditarod) starts from Anchorage, and a “Fur Rendezvous” winter carnival is held in the city every year. The city is the seat of Alaska Pacific Univ. and a campus of the Univ. of Alaska. Portage Glacier and Lake Hood are nearby, and Denali (Mt. McKinley) is visible from the city.
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A device used for permanently securing the ends of a post-tensioned member, or for temporarily securing the ends of a pretensioned member during hardening of the concrete.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
A permanent placement or foundation to which the lower members of a structure can be attached in order to provide stability for the entire structure.
An area where a vessel anchors or may anchor because of either suitability or designation. Also known as anchor station.
A device which anchors tendons to the posttensioned concrete member.
In pretensioning, a device used to anchor tendons temporarily during the hardening of the concrete.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
medieval anchors, 10
1. A device such as a metal rod, wire, or strap, for fixing one object to another, as specially formed metal connectors used to fasten together timbers, masonry, trusses, etc.
2. In prestressed concrete, a device to lock the stressed tendon in position so that it will retain its stressed condition.
3. In precast concrete construction, a device used to attach the precast units to the building frame.
4. In slabs on grade, or walls, a device used to fasten to rock or adjacent structures to prevent movement of the slab or wall with respect to the foundation, adjacent structure, or rock.
5. A support which holds one end of a timber fast.
A device used to secure a window or doorframe to the building structure; usually adjustable in three dimensions; also see doorframe anchor
The anchor-shaped dart in the egg-and-dart molding; also called anchor dart
9. A device used in a piping system to secure the piping to a structure; typically provided by a metal insert in an overhead concrete slab or beam.
10. A wrought-iron clamp, of Flemish origin, on the exterior side of a brick building wall that is connected to the opposite wall by a steel tie-rod to prevent the two walls from spreading apart; these clamps were often in the shape of
, a device which anchors the tendons to the posttensioned concrete member.
, a device used to anchor the tendons temporarily during the hardening of the concrete.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
the largest city in Alaska, a port in the south, at the head of Cook Inlet. Pop.: 270 951 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005