anchovy

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anchovy,

small fish of the family Engraulidae, found mainly in the temperate waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and the Mediterranean and Black seas. The commercially significant anchovy species belong to the genus Engraulis, which includes the European and Californian anchovy and the Peruvian anchoveta. Commercial anchovies, which are caught for food, fishmeal, and fish oil, are typically 5–6 in. (13–15 cm) long when caught, but the California anchovy can reach nearly 10 in. (25 cm) in length. Anchovies harvested for the Italian and Spanish markets are usually cured by a process involving fermentation, but they may also be pickled in vinegar. Anchovies also are significant as food for larger predatory fish. Anchovy species fluctuate in response to natural conditions, e.g., the anchovies off Peru are adversely affected by El NiñoEl Niño–Southern Oscillation
(ENSO) , large-scale climatic fluctuation of the tropical Pacific Ocean and the overlying atmosphere. The El Niño [Span.
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. Anchovies are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Clupeiformes, family Engraulidae.

anchovy

[′an‚chō·vē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any member of the Engraulidae, a family of herringlike fishes harvested commercially for human consumption.

anchovy

any of various small marine food fishes of the genus Engraulis and related genera, esp E. encrasicolus of S Europe: family Clupeidae (herrings). They have a salty taste and are often tinned or made into a paste or essence
References in periodicals archive ?
Add the anchovies (these are a must if you aren't vegetarian) and any of the optional ingredients you like.
The tuna is bound with mayonnaise and creme fraiche, along with a little celery and shallot for crunch, and then we finish with a selection of chargrilled vegetables and crisp, refreshing gem lettuce leaves, plus the tang of marinated anchovies and some cool, fresh tomato.
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There were also big salted anchovies served with different kinds of olives, garlic, potatoes, with olive oil.
Abscond anchovies, asudden an Adelie armada, all abreast and aqua aboil, accelerates across an abyss and appetites are abated.
42% of total production corresponds to anchovies and herring, 43% to industrial and artisanal scale fishing, 7% to tuna and the remaining 8% to other fish and aquaculture products, reports Panamaamerica.com.pa (Oct.
Editor Ganias presents this broad-spectrum volume on the ecologically and commercially important sardines and anchovies. Phylogenetics, biogeography, and population genetics of the fish are covered first.
When it comes to anchovies, you either love them or hate them.
Muscat: A group of researchers based in SQU and Monash University, Malaysian campus, who investigated the safety of traditional dried anchovies by characterising their microbial flora in a study published by African Journal of Microbiology Research in July 2013, found high levels of microbial contamination.
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Rogers International, Portland, Maine, introduces Roque Anchovies to the U.S.