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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Goidels, a group of ancient Celtic tribes who settled in Ireland in the fourth century B.C. By mixing with the native pre-Indo-European population, the Gaels began the formation of the Irish people. In the fifth to the sixth century A.D. part of the Gaels migrated to Scotland, where they took part along with the Picts in the formation of the Scottish nationality. The name “Gaels” is still used for the ethnic group that inhabits the mountainous regions of northern Scotland and the Hebrides Islands. Their population is about 100,000 (1970, estimate). Present-day Gaels ordinarily speak Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic), but almost all of them know English as well. The most common religious affiliations are Presbyterian and Catholic. The principal occupation is the raising of livestock.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Burns first penned the poem in 1788, claiming to have collected the verse from a more ancient Scots song.
See the natural beauty of Glen Tanar's ancient Scots pine forest in a spectacular new light.
Ancient Scots pine trees provide a magical backdrop at The Old Pine Yurt (, spectacularly surrounded by the Cairngorm Mountains.
Ancient Scots races such as the Lanark Silver Bell are part of racing lore, and students of history know that British monarchs who helped establish the sport were Scots.
GHOSTBUSTERS are flocking to an ancient Scots tower after visitors claimed they were attacked by poltergeists.
It is covered in with ancient Scots pines that turn the bog into twilight no matter how bright the day outside.
AN ANCIENT Scots curse has been blamed for a series of calamities in an English city.
l Some ancient Scots Pines in the Highlands were alive in the time of Joan of Arc in the 15th century
Hamilton's pen: "Now this Celebrated distemper in the City of Edinburgh goes by the name of Canongate Breeches, so that you understand a man has got the Clap or pox when you hear it Said, that he has got a pair of Canongate Breeches, which is a modest and witty way of expressing the Disease, the Canongate being a Street in the Suburbs of Edinburgh, famous for a great number of bawdy houses, and also for the palaces of the ancient Scots nobility." (22)
Scotland was not unique in its politics, but only in their survival: the "traces" or "footprints" found among the ancient Scots pointed to earlier and more widespread practices.
Such early volumes as Sangshaw (1925) and Pennywheep (1926) are written in Lallans, a language reconstructed from ancient Scots dialects.

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