Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(ăn`dəmən, nĭk`ōbär), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 356,265), India, in the Bay of Bengal. Port Blair (1991 pop. 74,955), in the Andamans, is the capital. Comprising the Andaman Islands, or Andaman Archipelago (2,508 sq mi/6,496 sq km), in the north and the Nicobar Islands (707 sq mi/1,831 sq km) in the south, the two groups form an arc between SW Myanmar in the north and NW Sumatra, Indonesia, in the south. The territory chiefly exports tropical products and lumber. Tourism is economically important. The islands, less than 40 of which are inhabited, are administered by the home ministry in the central Indian government.

Known to Europeans since the 7th cent. A.D., the Andamans, consisting of some 550 mostly small islands, were the site of a British penal colony from 1858 to 1945. Barren Island, c.50 mi (80 km) east of the central Andamans, is the territory's and India's only active volcano. The population of the Andamans is made up of indigenous Negritos (numbering less than 1,000) and largely Bengali and Tamil settlers from the Indian mainland. Settlers greatly outnumber the indigenous peoples, hundreds of which died from epidemics in the late 19th cent. Some of the Negritos live largely isolated from the settlers and have preserved a Stone Age culture; their isolation is protected by the Indian government.

The Nicobars, which comprise 22 small islands, are separated from the Andamans by a channel that is 90 mi (145 km) wide. The native population is of Mongolic stock. The Nicobars became a British possession in 1869. Japanese forces occupied both archipelagos during World War II.

Since World War II and Indian independence, some of the islands have undergone significant population growth and economic development, include Indian military bases, and regular air and ship services connect the islands with the mainland. The islands were especially hard hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami, because of their relative closeness to the epicenter (off NW Sumatra) of the earthquake that caused the waves; some 3,500 people are believed to have died.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands


a territory (administrative unit) of India. The area is 8,300 sq km. In 1966 the population was 79,000. The administrative center of the islands is Port Blair.

References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India] February 25 ( ANI ): The second week of March will witness Andaman and Nicobar Command hosting a multinational mega event 'Milan 2018'.
The airport, commonly known as the Port Blair Airport, located 2 km south of Port Blair, is the main airport of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The estimated annual incidence of acute diarrhea per 100,000 children in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands was 609 in 2001, 580 in 2002, 595 in 2003, 601 in 2004, 571 in 2005, 370 in 2006, and 420 in 2007.
The Andaman and Nicobar command came into being in 2001, an attestation of the strategic importance of the island chain in the Indian Ocean.
Bhamre went on a windshield tour of the operational areas of Andaman and Nicobar Command.
New Delhi [India], Nov 29 ( ANI ): The Joint Special Forces Training Camp was conducted recently at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands with a view to furthering integration between the Services in the field of Special Operations.
Nicobar or Any Other Passenger/cargo Vessels Operated by the Andaman and Nicobar Administration Calling at Chennai /vizag /kolkata/ Mayabunder/port Blair Port or Any Other Port.
24 (ANI): Defence of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Exercise (DANX) concluded on Friday here.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Nov 21 (ANI): Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Government of India, under Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY) scheme.
Summary: Andaman and Nicobar Islands [India], October 23 (ANI): An earthquake of magnitude 4.
Summary: Andaman and Nicobar [India], Sept 16 (ANI): Earthquake of magnitude 4.
The Commander-in-Chief Andaman and Nicobar Command has been nominated as the Overall Force Commander and Headquarter Integrated Defence Staff is coordinating the entire effort between MoD and Services.