Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(ăn`dəmən, nĭk`ōbär), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 356,265), India, in the Bay of Bengal. Port Blair (1991 pop. 74,955), in the Andamans, is the capital. Comprising the Andaman Islands, or Andaman Archipelago (2,508 sq mi/6,496 sq km), in the north and the Nicobar Islands (707 sq mi/1,831 sq km) in the south, the two groups form an arc between SW Myanmar in the north and NW Sumatra, Indonesia, in the south. The territory chiefly exports tropical products and lumber. Tourism is economically important. The islands, less than 40 of which are inhabited, are administered by the home ministry in the central Indian government.

Known to Europeans since the 7th cent. A.D., the Andamans, consisting of some 550 mostly small islands, were the site of a British penal colony from 1858 to 1945. Barren Island, c.50 mi (80 km) east of the central Andamans, is the territory's and India's only active volcano. The population of the Andamans is made up of indigenous Negritos (numbering less than 1,000) and largely Bengali and Tamil settlers from the Indian mainland. Settlers greatly outnumber the indigenous peoples, hundreds of which died from epidemics in the late 19th cent. Some of the Negritos live largely isolated from the settlers and have preserved a Stone Age culture; their isolation is protected by the Indian government.

The Nicobars, which comprise 22 small islands, are separated from the Andamans by a channel that is 90 mi (145 km) wide. The native population is of Mongolic stock. The Nicobars became a British possession in 1869. Japanese forces occupied both archipelagos during World War II.

Since World War II and Indian independence, some of the islands have undergone significant population growth and economic development, include Indian military bases, and regular air and ship services connect the islands with the mainland. The islands were especially hard hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami, because of their relative closeness to the epicenter (off NW Sumatra) of the earthquake that caused the waves; some 3,500 people are believed to have died.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands


a territory (administrative unit) of India. The area is 8,300 sq km. In 1966 the population was 79,000. The administrative center of the islands is Port Blair.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sugunan, Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India; email: sugunanap@icmr.
This year the exercise was conducted from November 4 to November 22 at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands involving sixty Special Forces personnel from the three Services.
The final tactical exercise was dovetailed into DANX exercise of the three Services, which was also conducted at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands at the same time period," said the press statement.
Climbing an altitude of 28,000 feet with an unrefueled range of 2400 nautical miles, the aircraft landed at Port Blair to induct the rotational Infantry Battalion into the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
About 370 tsunami-affected fishermen of Andaman and Nicobar Islands will be benefitted.
88 crore in respect of the tsunami-affected areas of Andaman and Nicobar Islands under 'Rajiv Gandhi Rehabilitation Package for Tsunami affected areas' after tsunami of December 26, 2004.
The Chief Secretary of Andaman and Nicobar Islands also started evacuation of the southern portion of Andaman and Nicobar Islands," said Singh.
Port Blair, Apr 11 ( ANI ): With the Indonesian quake triggering tsunami fears across the Indian Ocean nations, including India, Chief Secretary of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Shakti Sinha, on Wednesday said there is no need to panic.
Tenders are invited for Supply And Installation Of 50 Kg/Day Capacity Bio Compost Machine At Megapode Resort, Port Blair, Andaman And Nicobar Islands
Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Sep 4 (ANI): Former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam on Friday unveiled a vision document for the strategic development of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands by the year 2020.
New Delhi, Jan 9 (ANI): The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Administration has tightened its vigil along the coasts by establishing additional marine police outposts in view of the current security situation.
Tenders are invited for Supply, Installation, Commissioning And Testing Of Navigational Lights On The Approach Of Channel Of Baratang Sea Route In Andaman And Nicobar Island