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the indigenous population of the Andaman Islands. Exact number unknown; according to some data, several hundred. They speak Andamanese languages.

The Andamanese are dwarfs (average height of men, 148 cm; of women, 138 cm). They belong to the Negritoid anthropological type. According to Indian census data of 1931, there are two surviving groups of tribes (the Jarawa and the Onge), which are divided into exogamous groups. The occupations of the Andamanese are hunting, foraging, and fishing. The religion of the Andamanese is characterized by worship of spirits of nature.


Mochamed, C. M. “Andaman and Nicobar on the March.” March of India, 1958, nos. 4–5.


References in periodicals archive ?
Director Stephen Corry said: "The Great Andamanese tribes of India's Andaman Islands were decimated by disease when the British colonised the islands in the 1800s.
There may be fewer than 10 native speakers of Greater Andamanese still living.
the Andamanese pygmies, who constitute a homogeneous group.
Kar said Bo was one of the 10 dialects used by the Great Andamanese tribe.
Boa Senior's follows the the passing last November of Boro Senior, another woman who was the last surviving speaker of Khoro, another Great Andamanese language.
Stories from around 850 painted the Andamanese people as cannibals who roasted hapless sailors who wandered ashore.
This could herald the end for the Jarawa people, as it did for the Great Andamanese, who were wiped out towards the end of the 19th century due to introduced diseases brought in by foreigners.
Zide, Ishtiaq, Nagaraja, Philip), Tibeto-Burman (Sharma, Yashwanta Singh, Subbarao and Lalitha, Abbi and Victor, Aggarawal), and Andamanese (Manoharan).
Radcliffe-Brown's treatment of Andamanese weeping (1964) likewise considered the role played by the public expression of sentiment in contributing to social cohesion.
In describing the production, collection, and display of these objects, she reconceptualizes imperial relationships between Andamanese, Nicobarese, and British individuals and communities both in the Bay of Bengal and on British soil.
They have given substantial amounts to the Prince's Regeneration Trust, helped fund vital drug treatments for addicts and given to a research project into the Vanishing Voices of the Great Andamanese.
This impression is reinforced by the presence of a small number of Austronesian terms relating to boats and parts of boats that are found in South Asian languages such as in Hindi, Tamil, Sinhalese (Sri Lanka), Dhivehi (Maldive Islands) and possibly the languages of the Andamanese islanders.