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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the indigenous population of the Andaman Islands. Exact number unknown; according to some data, several hundred. They speak Andamanese languages.

The Andamanese are dwarfs (average height of men, 148 cm; of women, 138 cm). They belong to the Negritoid anthropological type. According to Indian census data of 1931, there are two surviving groups of tribes (the Jarawa and the Onge), which are divided into exogamous groups. The occupations of the Andamanese are hunting, foraging, and fishing. The religion of the Andamanese is characterized by worship of spirits of nature.


Mochamed, C. M. “Andaman and Nicobar on the March.” March of India, 1958, nos. 4–5.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Typical examples of the particularly vulnerable tribal groups are the Greater Andamanese, Onge, and Sentinelese living in Andaman and Nicobar islands, Irulas and Todas of Tamil Nadu, the Kadar and Kurumbas of Kerala, and the Chenchus, Kolam, and Thoti of Andhra Pradesh.
"The only way Andamanese authorities can prevent the annihilation of another tribe is to ensure North Sentinel Island is protected from outsiders."
Two pygmy populations, the Andamanese and Kalahari Bushmen, have crania that are usually smaller than Indians' except on breadth measurements.
Abbi (linguistics, Jawaharlal Nehru U., New Delhi, India) presents a grammar that emerged from the major language documentation project Vanishing Voices of the Great Andamanese, conducted from 2005 to 2009.
Aboriginal tribes (Nicobarese, Shompen, Jarawas, Sentinels, Ongese, Great Andamanese) of Bay Islands (Andaman and Nicobar islands), India uses the rhizomes for stomach disorders, including diarrhea.
Nutritional deficiency disorders and high mortality among children of the Great Andamanese tribe.
A linguist, Professor Anvita Abbi said the number of Jarawa tribals were declining like he Great Andamanese tribe whose population has dwindled from 5000 to 56.
Anthropologists believe that the Bo language (and the other remaining primitive languages spoken by the remaining 52 people on the Great Andamanese islands) might be the last representatives of those languages which go back to pre-Neolithic times.
It seems that the Andamanese were living in an area under Indian rule.
Summary: One of the world's oldest dialects, which traces its origins to tens of thousands of years ago, has become extinct after the last person to speak it died on a remote Indian island.AaBoa Sr, the 85-year-old last speaker of "Bo," was the oldest member of the Great Andamanese tribe, R.C.
The Bo are thought to have been among 10 distinct Great Andamanese tribes which numbered around 5,000 strong when the British colonised the Andaman Islands in 1858.