Anderssen, Adolf(Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen), 1818–79, German chess player, b. Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland). He graduated (1847) from Breslau Univ. and later was a mathematics professor there. Anderssen learned chess at the age of nine, and the game became a lifelong avocation. He wrote numerous articles on the game and from 1846 edited one of Germany's first chess magazines. In 1851 he won the first international chess tournament, held in London, and became the first official world chess champion. Considered the prime example of chess's Romantic style, he was known for fierce attacks and the sacrifice of many pieces. His most famous game (1851), won against Lionel Kieseritzky was marked by a series of sacrifices (a bishop, both rooks, and his queen) and is known as "The Immortal Game." Anderssen lost the championship (1858) to Paul MorphyMorphy, Paul Charles
, 1837–84, American chess player, b. New Orleans. At 10 he learned the game and at 21 was acknowledged as the greatest player in the world. Not only was Morphy possessed of a phenomenal memory, which he demonstrated in astounding feats of simultaneous
..... Click the link for more information. , held it again from 1862–66, and remained a force in competitive chess into the 1870s.
Born July 6, 1818; died Mar. 13, 1879. German chess player; greatest chess player of the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
Anderssen was one of the creators of modern chess principles. In 1851 he won first prize in an international tournament in London. He was known as a distinguished master of combinations and composed chess problems.