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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city, the center of Andizhan Oblast, Uzbek SSR. Located in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, on ancient deposits of the Andizhan River, it is a junction for railroads and highways to Tashkent, Namangan, Osh, Jalalabad, and Kokankishlak. The population in 1970 was 188,000 (85,000 in 1939; 131,000 in 1959). There are machine-building (production of machines and equipment for irrigation, cotton enterprises, and so on), electrotechni-cal, cotton-ginning, vegetable oil-milling, and hydrolyzing industries. There are plants producing shoes, sewn and knit goods, and canned goods. Andizhan has institutes of pedagogy, pedagogy of languages, medicine, and cotton-growing (the kishlak—village—of Kuigan-Iar); there are seven specialized secondary schools. The Akhunbabaev Uzbek Theater of Musical Drama and Comedy and a puppet theater are located in Andizhan. There is a museum of history and regional lore. There are deposits of oil and gas in the area.

The city has been known since the ninth century. Andizhan was located on the caravan route to China, and from the 15th century it was the trade and handicraft center of Fergana. It was taken by Russian troops on Jan. 9, 1876, during the conquest of the Kokand khanate. The Andizhan Uprising of 1898 occurred in the city in May of that year. The city was heavily destroyed by an earthquake in 1902, but it was quickly rebuilt. Since the early 20th century it has been one of the major economic, commercial, and industrial centers of Turkestan.


Goroda Ferganskoi doliny, 2nd ed. Tashkent, 1963.
Goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1965.



an urban-type settlement in Khodzhabad Raion, Andizhan Oblast, Uzbek SSR. It is situated in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, 16 km east of the Assake railroad station. Population in 1968, 5,000. There is oil drilling. Andizhan is the site of a branch of the Kokand Petroleum Technicum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transactions were mainly conducted at a price of 1,800-2,000 soums per share with preferred shares of Andijon tajriba-sinov zavodi, JSC, but only two transactions were conducted on a single share at a price of 9,000 soums per share, which resulted to a high volatility of 400 percent.
Although, Washington remained critical to Central Asian regimes for their human rights violations especially after the 2005 Andijon (Uzbekistan) killings at the hands of state security forces, it, nevertheless, managed to engage itself with CARs, especially Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan in Northern Distribution Network (NDN).
since September 2005 Base, Uzbekistan following U.S.-Uzbek dispute over May 2005 Uzbek crackdown on unrest in Andijon. Once housed about 1,750 U.S.
(43) He cites Russia's opening of Kant Air Base in Kyrgyzstan in October 2003 as "the most prominent example of the Russian interest in reconstituting at least some trappings of a forward security zone in Central Asia under the mantle of collective security." (44) Russia also seized the moment when Uzbek-US relations soured in the wake of the Andijon massacre, signing a "Treaty on Allied Relations" with Uzbekistan in November 2005.
In May 2005, armed gunman in the city of Andijon attacked a police station, seized weapons and then stormed a prison, freeing members of a local Islamic organization accused by the government of extremism.
(19) As reported by Human Rights Watch (2005), one of these protests in 2005 culminated in the massacre of civilians by government forces in the Valley's city of Andijan (Andijon) (Khalid, 2007:192-198).
Across the border, China Export Import Bank is putting up US$17 million for a 21MW and a 50MW station in the Andijon region of Uzbekistan--both to be built by the China National Electric Equipment Corporation (CNEEC).
A separate agreement between UNG and Sinopec, another Chinese state-owned company was signed in July 2005 to develop non-operational wells and to explore further in the Andijon region.
There is an underground gas storage facility at Kodzhaabad in the Andijon region.
It was the perception within Uzbekistan--especially as it felt confident enough to break away from Russia, the CIS, and other regional structures--that perhaps it read too much into the rhetoric that accompanied the "strategic partnership." (13) That the events of May 2005 in Andijon, Uzbekistan, were considered such a threat ran counter to the U.S.
Embassy in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, to help protect Uzbek refugees and asylum seekers who had fled to Kyrgyzstan after the bloody Andijon crackdown.
response to civil unrest in Andijon, Uzbekistan directed the withdrawal