Also found in: Dictionary.



a city, the center of Andizhan Oblast, Uzbek SSR. Located in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, on ancient deposits of the Andizhan River, it is a junction for railroads and highways to Tashkent, Namangan, Osh, Jalalabad, and Kokankishlak. The population in 1970 was 188,000 (85,000 in 1939; 131,000 in 1959). There are machine-building (production of machines and equipment for irrigation, cotton enterprises, and so on), electrotechni-cal, cotton-ginning, vegetable oil-milling, and hydrolyzing industries. There are plants producing shoes, sewn and knit goods, and canned goods. Andizhan has institutes of pedagogy, pedagogy of languages, medicine, and cotton-growing (the kishlak—village—of Kuigan-Iar); there are seven specialized secondary schools. The Akhunbabaev Uzbek Theater of Musical Drama and Comedy and a puppet theater are located in Andizhan. There is a museum of history and regional lore. There are deposits of oil and gas in the area.

The city has been known since the ninth century. Andizhan was located on the caravan route to China, and from the 15th century it was the trade and handicraft center of Fergana. It was taken by Russian troops on Jan. 9, 1876, during the conquest of the Kokand khanate. The Andizhan Uprising of 1898 occurred in the city in May of that year. The city was heavily destroyed by an earthquake in 1902, but it was quickly rebuilt. Since the early 20th century it has been one of the major economic, commercial, and industrial centers of Turkestan.


Goroda Ferganskoi doliny, 2nd ed. Tashkent, 1963.
Goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1965.



an urban-type settlement in Khodzhabad Raion, Andizhan Oblast, Uzbek SSR. It is situated in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, 16 km east of the Assake railroad station. Population in 1968, 5,000. There is oil drilling. Andizhan is the site of a branch of the Kokand Petroleum Technicum.

References in periodicals archive ?
An Associated Press report from Tashkent said a human rights monitor claims to have seen the bodies of about 200 victims loaded onto trucks in Andizhan following a police assault against demonstrators Friday.
In2 005, Kyrgyzstan received 450 refugees from Andizhan region of Uzbekistan, who were then settled down in third countries.
Uzbekistan's relations with the US and European Union soured after soldiers opened fire on protesters in the town of Andizhan in 2005, but have since improved.
The president sent in military back-up as at least nine people were killed and 34 wounded in the city of Andizhan in armed clashes with the insurgents.
by way of Andizhan, Uzbekistan, will make his second SHOWTIME appearance.
The working groups of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan met in Andizhan on September 4 to discuss delimitation and demarcation of the state borders, the press service of the Foreign Ministry of Uzbekistan reported on September 8.
For instance, Uzbekistan stores gas for Andizhan in gas storage facilities in Batken.
On April 2, 2012, during visit of the Kyrgyz delegation to Andizhan region, Osh region governor Sooronbai Jeenbekov asked the head of Andizhan region to resolve this problem as soon as possible and also to address the problems with other important border crossing points," he said.
There is a recommended route from Kashgar (China) - Torugart (Kyrgyzstan) - Arpa-Suu (Kyrgyzstan) - Kara-Suu (Uzbekistan) - Andizhan (Uzbekistan).
Some 320 km of the border remain not delimited - these are complex sections, including Gavasai area in Ala Buka rayon, Andizhan reservoir, Kirkidon reservoir.
The decision to reopen the border crossing point was announced after the working meeting of the heads of the Border Services of Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan on October 25 in Andizhan, the press service of the Border Troops of the Kyrgyz State National Security Committee said.