André Breton

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Breton, André


Born Feb. 19, 1896, in Tinchebray, Orne Department; died Sept. 28, 1966, in Paris. French writer.

Breton is the author of Manifesto of Surrealism (1924) and The Second Manifesto of Surrealism (1930). He sympathized with Trotskyism. In the books Arcane 17 (1945), The Situation of Surrealism Between the Two Wars (1945), and Lamp in the Clock (1948), Breton criticized contemporary bourgeois culture. Breton’s artistic prose (Nadja, 1928, and Mad Passion, 1937) and his poems (Free Alliance, 1931; The Gray-haired Revolver, 1932; and others) alternate lively sketches with attacks on the reality of the world.


L’Art magique, vol. 1. Paris, 1957. (With G. Legrand.)
Poésie et autre. Paris, 1960.
Manifestes du surrealisme. Paris, 1963.
Anthologie de l’humeur noire. [Paris, 1966.]


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Nadeau, M. Histoire du surréalisme, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1945-48.
Mauriac, C. André Breton. Paris, [1949].
“A. Breton (1896-1966) et le mouvement surréaliste.” La Nouvelle revue française, April 1967, no. 172.
Carrouges, M. A. Breton et les données fondamentales du surréalisme. [Paris, 1967.]
References in periodicals archive ?
A casi 100 anos de la publicacion del primer manifiesto surrealista del escritor frances Andre Breton (Tinchebray, 1896-Paris, 1966), el poeta y ensayista Ricardo Echavarri (Durango, 1958) senalo que el surrealismo es el movimiento de vanguardia mas importante del mundo, sin el cual el arte no existiria tal y como se conoce ahora.
Stationed in Marseilles in 1940, Fry procured visas, created false passports and sought out escape routes on both sea and land for almost 2,000 people, including Marc Chagall, Andre Breton and Max Ernst.
His translations include Earthlight, by Andre Breton, which
He discusses the lives and personalities of Eileen Agar, Jean (Hans) Arp, Francis Bacon, Hans Bellmer, Victor Brauner, Andre Breton, Alexander Calder, Leonora Carrington, Giorgio de Chirico, Salvador Dali, Paul Delvaux, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, Leonor Fini, Wilhelm Freddie, Alberto Giacometti, Arshile Gorky, Wilfredo Lam, Conroy Maddox, Rene Magritte, Andre Masson, Roberto Matta, E.L.T.
Nacido en Austria en 1905 y radicado en Paris desde 1928, Wolfgang Paalen formo parte del circulo surrealista de Andre Breton durante su auge en la decada de los treinta.
Lutker has stated that the series grew out of her fascination with the interpersonal dynamics of the Surrealists, and, more specifically (as indicated by its title), Andre Breton's infamous fistfights.
Highly regarded as a Surrealist photographer in the 1930s, Maar was a fellow student with Henri Cartier-Bresson and friends with Brassai, Man Ray, Jean Cocteau, and Andre Breton, the charismatic leader of the Surrealists.
Compartimos una excentrica y casi secreta admiracion por El buen samaritano de Bresdin, que el habia conocido en el departamento de Andre Breton, y que alguna vez tuve yo entre las manos.
Arising largely from the Dada movement, its goal, in the words of one of its key founders, the poet Andre Breton, was to resolve 'these two states, dream and reality, which are seemingly so contradictory' by adopting an artistic language born of
the residence is located 165 daffodil rue paul eluard and andre breton 235 street, district semboules in antibes.