André Breton

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Breton, André


Born Feb. 19, 1896, in Tinchebray, Orne Department; died Sept. 28, 1966, in Paris. French writer.

Breton is the author of Manifesto of Surrealism (1924) and The Second Manifesto of Surrealism (1930). He sympathized with Trotskyism. In the books Arcane 17 (1945), The Situation of Surrealism Between the Two Wars (1945), and Lamp in the Clock (1948), Breton criticized contemporary bourgeois culture. Breton’s artistic prose (Nadja, 1928, and Mad Passion, 1937) and his poems (Free Alliance, 1931; The Gray-haired Revolver, 1932; and others) alternate lively sketches with attacks on the reality of the world.


L’Art magique, vol. 1. Paris, 1957. (With G. Legrand.)
Poésie et autre. Paris, 1960.
Manifestes du surrealisme. Paris, 1963.
Anthologie de l’humeur noire. [Paris, 1966.]


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Nadeau, M. Histoire du surréalisme, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1945-48.
Mauriac, C. André Breton. Paris, [1949].
“A. Breton (1896-1966) et le mouvement surréaliste.” La Nouvelle revue française, April 1967, no. 172.
Carrouges, M. A. Breton et les données fondamentales du surréalisme. [Paris, 1967.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Highly regarded as a Surrealist photographer in the 1930s, Maar was a fellow student with Henri Cartier-Bresson and friends with Brassai, Man Ray, Jean Cocteau, and Andre Breton, the charismatic leader of the Surrealists.
aphorisms (dated), Magritte interviewed by Luceinne Plisnier, on the death of Andre Breton, and knowledge of the world.
Compartimos una excentrica y casi secreta admiracion por El buen samaritano de Bresdin, que el habia conocido en el departamento de Andre Breton, y que alguna vez tuve yo entre las manos.
Arising largely from the Dada movement, its goal, in the words of one of its key founders, the poet Andre Breton, was to resolve 'these two states, dream and reality, which are seemingly so contradictory' by adopting an artistic language born of
the residence is located 165 daffodil rue paul eluard and andre breton 235 street, district semboules in antibes.
PHILLIPS COLLECTION * February 7-May 10 * Curatecl by Wendy Grossman, Adina Kamien-Kazhclan, Edouard Sebline, and Andrew Strauss * In 1936, Man Ray photographed plaster, wood, string, and papier-mache models of mathematical formulae housed in the Institut Henri Poincare in Paris, creating pictures that Andre Breton thought of as representing the crisis of the object.
La cita con la cual inicia dicho escrito corresponde efectivamente al Manifiesto por un arte revolucionario independiente, que surgio del encuentro en Mexico (junio de 1938) del poeta y escritor fundador del movimiento surrealista Andre Breton, el ideologo y dirigente de la Revolucion Rusa de 1917, Leon Trotsky, y el pintor mexicano Diego Rivera.
The compositions of Shahla Rosa, a Canadian-American Modern Surrealist, are inspired by Andre Breton, Sigmund Freud, and Dante Alighieri and deal with themes of human nature and the subconscious.
Prague: Capital of the Twentieth Century opens as the French surrealists Andre Breton and Paul Aluard arrived in Prague in 1935.
Actualmente el ex mandatario que destrono al PRI pide el voto por Enrique Pena Nieto, Andre Breton le quedo corto por aquello del surrealismo.
But the artist began to explore the religion in his work after a 1940 trip to Haiti and Cuba with French surrealist leader Andre Breton.
It is only on page 105 that Tristan Tzara arrives in Paris to meet Andre Breton.