André Breton

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Breton, André


Born Feb. 19, 1896, in Tinchebray, Orne Department; died Sept. 28, 1966, in Paris. French writer.

Breton is the author of Manifesto of Surrealism (1924) and The Second Manifesto of Surrealism (1930). He sympathized with Trotskyism. In the books Arcane 17 (1945), The Situation of Surrealism Between the Two Wars (1945), and Lamp in the Clock (1948), Breton criticized contemporary bourgeois culture. Breton’s artistic prose (Nadja, 1928, and Mad Passion, 1937) and his poems (Free Alliance, 1931; The Gray-haired Revolver, 1932; and others) alternate lively sketches with attacks on the reality of the world.


L’Art magique, vol. 1. Paris, 1957. (With G. Legrand.)
Poésie et autre. Paris, 1960.
Manifestes du surrealisme. Paris, 1963.
Anthologie de l’humeur noire. [Paris, 1966.]


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Nadeau, M. Histoire du surréalisme, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1945-48.
Mauriac, C. André Breton. Paris, [1949].
“A. Breton (1896-1966) et le mouvement surréaliste.” La Nouvelle revue française, April 1967, no. 172.
Carrouges, M. A. Breton et les données fondamentales du surréalisme. [Paris, 1967.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Appropriate for the famous moustache about whom Andre Breton coined the
Andre Breton, Nusch Eluard, Valentine Hugo, Paul Eluard - Exquisite Corpse (Cadavre exquis), c1930 Many visitors will be familiar with the game consequences.
Contract notice: Rental, collection, transport and disposal of hospital andre breton.
Mark Polizzotti 's books include Revolution of the Mind: The Life of Andre Breton (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1995; revised ed.
Parkinson clearly agrees with surrealism's de facto founder Andre Breton, who continued to insist in 1947 that surrealism 'is what will be', and his book proves a valuable guide to some of the movement's most important offshoots and transformations in the years of the Cold War.
In Paris the exhibition will be held at the Consulate General of Portugal and the protagonists are artists sculptor Isabel Meyrelles ( Historical figure of international surrealism having lived with surrealist like Andre Breton and with the Portuguese Cruzeiro Seixas ) and painter Santiago Ribeiro .
Like Andre Breton in Nadia, Ga conjures a world dense with coincidence and half-hidden signs.
Billed by Andre Breton, the founder of Surrealism, as the "most Surrealist of us all," MirE depicted even the darkest themes in his work with his signature colorful and energetic style.
Despite his novel's rich intertextuality, despite allusions to Maurice Sceve, Baudelaire, and Andre Breton, Houellebecq is himself a humorist skilled in telling jokes that shock.
The main architect of the movement, the French poet Andre Breton, studied medicine and psychiatry and was inspired by Freud's ideas.
In 1924, Surrealist Andre Breton introduced the century to the weird concept of the soluble fish--a creature that, in time, dissolves into its own native environment.
But the artist began to explore the religion in his work after a 1940 trip to Haiti and Cuba with French surrealist leader Andre Breton.