André Chamson

(redirected from Andre Chamson)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chamson, André


Born June 6, 1900, in Nîmes, Gard Department. French writer. Member of the Académie Franchise (1956). Participant in the Resistance.

Chamson graduated from the faculty of letters of the University of Paris. In his early novels, such as Roux, the Bandit (1925) and The Men of the Road (1927; Russian translation under the title People From the Mountains, 1937), Chamson showed himself to be an acute observer of social change in the French countryside.

During the 1930’s, Chamson took part in the struggle of the Popular Front and wrote the antifascist books The Year of the Vanquished (1934; Russian translation, 1936) and The Galley (1939); he also produced a series of essays about republican Spain. The novel The Well of Miracles (1943, published 1945; Russian translation, 1947) is filled with loathing for occupiers and traitors.

Chamson focused on the spiritual degeneration of man in the bourgeois world in The Man Who Walked Before Me (1948) and continued his sharp criticism of social mores in the novel The Snow and The Flower (1951). His novels The Meeting of Hopes (1961) and The Magnificent Woman (1967) were received sympathetically by French democratic critics. Chamson’s book The Sum of Our Days (1954) is autobiographical.


La Tour de Constance. Paris, 1971.
In Russian translation:
”Eto nekhoroshii adres.” Znamia, 1967, no. 3.
”Po griby.” In Frantsuzskaia novella 20 v 1900–1939. [Moscow, 1973.]


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Rolfe, L. The Novels of A. Chamson. New York [1971].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One such, the writer Andre Chamson who remained in exile for the entire duration of the Occupation, wrote in his journal in the summer of 1940:
Andre Chamson, 1900-1983; a critical biography; 2v.
Despite the presence of so many leading antifascist writers, it is difficult not to concur with the secretary to the French delegation, novelist Andre Chamson, who observed that the intellectual level of the Congress had been "appallingly low."(17) As Stephen Spender wrote after in fall 1937, "[F]ew of the Congress--feted, banqueted, received enthusiastically, the women bridling with excitement at Ralph Bates' or Ludwig Renn's uniform--had even glimpsed, that the war is terrible, that the mind of Madrid, if it is sublime, like Shakespeare's, is also terrible, like Shakespeare's."(18) Years later, even Ehrenburg recollected that in "the summer of 1937, in Madrid, the writers' speeches did not resound."(19)
It established that new and more terrifying forms of warfare were being pioneered in Spain, and that, according to Andre Chamson, the struggle in Spain was less a civil war than a war between civilians and the military.