André Marie de Chénier

(redirected from Andre Chenier)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chénier, André Marie de


Born Oct. 29, 1762, in Constantinople; died July 25, 1794, in Paris. French poet and publicist. Brother of M.-J. de Chénier.

A. M. de Chénier graduated from the Collège de Navarre in Paris in 1781. His poems deal with the naïve joys and sorrows of people living in harmony with nature and with the charm of their daily labor and cares. Chénier derived the themes and forms of his poetry from classical authors, but the sincerity and freshness of feeling in his lyric poems led the romantics to consider him their precursor.

Chénier shared the Enlightenment’s abstract love of freedom, and he welcomed the French Revolution in the ode “The Tennis Court Oath” (1791). Frightened by the progress of revolutionary events, however, he adopted a hostile attitude toward the Jacobins and wrote biting pamphlets for the liberal monarchist press. He was arrested in 1793 and executed several months later. While in prison, Chénier wrote the anti-Jacobin cycle Iambics (1794) and the ode “The Young Captive” (1795). His poetry was not published until 1819. In Russia, some of Chénier’s poems were translated by A. S. Pushkin, who devoted the poem “André Chénier” (1825) to him, and by E. A. Baratynskii, A. A. Fet, A. K. Tolstoy, and V. Ia. Briusov.


Oeuvres complètes. Paris, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizvedeniia. [Moscow] 1940.
[“Stikhi.”] In Frantsuzskie stikhi v perevodakh russkikh poetov XIX–XX vv. Moscow, 1969.


Velikovskii, S. “Andre Shen’e i revoliutsiia.” In his book Poety frantsuzskikh revoliutsii 1789–1848. Moscow, 1963.
Shor, V. “Andre Shen’e.” In Pisateli Frantsii. Moscow, 1964.
Walter, G. André Chénier. [Paris] 1947.
Scarfe, Fr. André Chénier. Oxford, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On December 7, Yusif successfully opened the season at La Scala by performing the part of Andre Chenier in the opera of Umberto Giordano.
While I am primarily interested in the history of this scene in Russian Romanticism, its origins come from Europe, specifically from Andre Chenier's ode to "The Young Captive." Chenier wrote the poem while awaiting execution in Saint Lazare prison in 1794, and in early 1795 his friends had it posthumously published.
The opera is based on the true story of French poet Andre Chenier, who had an ardent belief in the revolutionary cause but later became horri-fied at the cruelties he witnessed during the Reign of Terror (1793/4).
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This grisly work of mourning was echoed in the nearby Translation of a Line from Chenier: A Line of Thin Pale Red, 1989, in which a quotation from Stephane Mallarme is reconfigured as a tribute to the guillotined poet Andre Chenier, traced in scarlet neon on the wall.
Picturehouse at FACT - 7:15pm, -7:15pm, F PS20 UMBERTO GIORDANO'S Andrea Chenier (1896) presents a fictionalised account of the last years of the French poet Andre Chenier, guillotined during the Reign of Terror in 1794.
The pages devoted to Andre Chenier are less satisfying.
An oil from the 17th century Belgian artist Antonius Sallaert and a live portrait of the 18th century French painter Andre Chenier, add depth to any home.
4.20 Ladies Open Race: 1, LUTIN DU MOULIN (Mss A Dawson) 7-2; 2, Andre Chenier (Miss C Cundall) 3-1 jt fav; 3, Nawaadi (Miss J Coward) 3-1 jt fav; 8 Ran; 6,2.
In 1819, shortly before the period when Illusions perdues was set, the writer and critic Henri de Latouche had revealed Andre Chenier to the French public.