André Marie de Chénier

(redirected from Andre Chenier)

Chénier, André Marie de

 

Born Oct. 29, 1762, in Constantinople; died July 25, 1794, in Paris. French poet and publicist. Brother of M.-J. de Chénier.

A. M. de Chénier graduated from the Collège de Navarre in Paris in 1781. His poems deal with the naïve joys and sorrows of people living in harmony with nature and with the charm of their daily labor and cares. Chénier derived the themes and forms of his poetry from classical authors, but the sincerity and freshness of feeling in his lyric poems led the romantics to consider him their precursor.

Chénier shared the Enlightenment’s abstract love of freedom, and he welcomed the French Revolution in the ode “The Tennis Court Oath” (1791). Frightened by the progress of revolutionary events, however, he adopted a hostile attitude toward the Jacobins and wrote biting pamphlets for the liberal monarchist press. He was arrested in 1793 and executed several months later. While in prison, Chénier wrote the anti-Jacobin cycle Iambics (1794) and the ode “The Young Captive” (1795). His poetry was not published until 1819. In Russia, some of Chénier’s poems were translated by A. S. Pushkin, who devoted the poem “André Chénier” (1825) to him, and by E. A. Baratynskii, A. A. Fet, A. K. Tolstoy, and V. Ia. Briusov.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes. Paris, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizvedeniia. [Moscow] 1940.
[“Stikhi.”] In Frantsuzskie stikhi v perevodakh russkikh poetov XIX–XX vv. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Velikovskii, S. “Andre Shen’e i revoliutsiia.” In his book Poety frantsuzskikh revoliutsii 1789–1848. Moscow, 1963.
Shor, V. “Andre Shen’e.” In Pisateli Frantsii. Moscow, 1964.
Walter, G. André Chénier. [Paris] 1947.
Scarfe, Fr. André Chénier. Oxford, 1965.

IU. A. GINZBURG

References in periodicals archive ?
Location of works, place of delivery supplies or performance: AGGLOMERATION AGEN 8 Rue Andre Chenier 47000 AGEN
The opera is based on the true story of French poet Andre Chenier, who had an ardent belief in the revolutionary cause but later became horri-fied at the cruelties he witnessed during the Reign of Terror (1793/4).
He says: "For the last few seasons I've been riding my own horse Andre Chenier, but he'll be 15 next year so he's been retired.
This grisly work of mourning was echoed in the nearby Translation of a Line from Chenier: A Line of Thin Pale Red, 1989, in which a quotation from Stephane Mallarme is reconfigured as a tribute to the guillotined poet Andre Chenier, traced in scarlet neon on the wall.
Picturehouse at FACT - 7:15pm, -7:15pm, F PS20 UMBERTO GIORDANO'S Andrea Chenier (1896) presents a fictionalised account of the last years of the French poet Andre Chenier, guillotined during the Reign of Terror in 1794.
The pages devoted to Andre Chenier are less satisfying.
An oil from the 17th century Belgian artist Antonius Sallaert and a live portrait of the 18th century French painter Andre Chenier, add depth to any home.
20 Ladies Open Race: 1, LUTIN DU MOULIN (Mss A Dawson) 7-2; 2, Andre Chenier (Miss C Cundall) 3-1 jt fav; 3, Nawaadi (Miss J Coward) 3-1 jt fav; 8 Ran; 6,2.
In 1819, shortly before the period when Illusions perdues was set, the writer and critic Henri de Latouche had revealed Andre Chenier to the French public.
Entre sus estudios sobre literatura francesa del siglo xviii destacan su edicion de las Poesies de Andre Chenier, las cartas de Madame Aisse a Madame Calandrini y un ensayo sobre la vida privada del mariscal Richelieu.
Je retiendrai celui ou il imagine Andre Chenier survivant a la Terreur :
31) Andre Chenier, Oeuvres completes (Paris: Badouin Freres, 1819) 156.