André Derain

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Derain, André

 

Born June 10, 1880, in Châtou; died Sept. 8, 1954, in Garches (both towns near Versailles). French painter.

Derain studied in Paris with E. CarriÉre (1898-99) and at the Academic Julian (1904). Between 1905 and 1906 he painted landscapes in the fauvist style, intent on conveying the intensity of nature. The decorative effect of the paintings is based on the utmost intensity of vibration of large patches of pure, contrasting colors (London Harbor, 1906, Tate Gallery, London).

Around 1908, Derain’s style changed under the influence of Cezanne and early cubism; his composition acquired rational rigor, his forms took on geometric simplicity and substantiality, and his colors became restrained and somber, based on greenish, brown, and lead gray hues (A Path Through the Woods in Fontainebleau, A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow). In the second decade of the 20th century gloomy and static renderings appeared in Derain’s creative work in subjects reflecting the dreary monotony of everyday provincial life (Saturday, 1911-14, A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow). In the 1920’s, the artist turned to strict, classical drawing, lapsing into passionless, coldly stylized work.

REFERENCE

Sutton, D. André Derain. London, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
COLOURFUL 'Arbres a Collioure' by Andre Derain 1905, part of the collection of art to be sold off
See Laurence Bertrand-Dorleac, "Le voyage en Allemagne," in Andre Derain (Paris: Paris-Musees, 1994), pp.
A French art-dealer called Vollard dispatched the colour-revolutionary Andre Derain (1880-1945) to London in 1906.
Andre Derain's portrait of Matisse had half the face in turquoise and crimson streaks in the beard, while the trees in Maurice de Vlaminck's landscapes were blazing pink.
French artist Andre Derain's L'Italienne will be the subject of a lunchtime talk and a special information sheet.
Restaurants and cafes line the seafront and narrow streets behind are home to artists following in the footsteps of Henri Matisse and Andre Derain who in 1905 moved here and pioneered the painting style known as Fauvism.
Turn-of-the-century Paris witnessed a confluence of artistic styles that influenced the form and content of 20th-century painting, represented by Pierre Bonnard's "The Edge of the Forest"; four intimate interiors by Edouard Vuillard, including "Woman in Blue with Child"; Andre Derain's "Blackfriars Bridge, London"; Pablo Picasso's "The Flower Seller"; and Georges Braque's "Dish of Fruit, Glass and Bottle." In Paris, Picasso and Braque worked simultaneously to develop Cubism.
Van Gogh, Andre Derain, Matisse, and Picasso employed the "abrupt cutting of figures, the elimination of traditional perspectives, the foreshortening of images" that Schwarz compares to the techniques of Woolf, Lawrence, Forster, and Joyce (p.
Henri Matisse painted Open Window, Collioure in the summer of 1905, when he and Andre Derain worked together in the small Mediterranean fishing port of Collioure, near the Spanish border.
In terms of the German presence Vichy France contained within it not only the dubious patronage of German culture which took Charles Despiau, Andre Dunoyer de Segonzac, Maurice de Vlaminck, Kies von Dongen, Andre Derain and others on a much publicized visit to the Nazi art displays in Munich and Hitler's Chancellery in Berlin, but also the surprising German acceptance of much of the avant-grade art of early Twentieth-Century France, including Braque, Matisse, Dufy, Rouault and Picasso.
Originally a violinist, he joined his friend Andre Derain in a painting studio and began painting in earnest at the turn of the 20th century.