André Paul Guillaume Gide

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gide, André Paul Guillaume


Born Nov. 22, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 19, 1951. French writer. The son of a lawyer.

Gide’s first books The Poems of Andre Walter (1887), The Notebooks of Andre Walter (1891), The Treatise of the Narcissus (1891), and The Voyage ofUrien (1893) are written in the symbolist vein. In Fruits of the Earth (1897), The 1mmoralist (1902), and Strait Is the Gate (1909), Gide contrasts the Nietzschian strong personality to the trite bourgeois morality and civilization, and he praises an anarchistic rebelliousness that takes the form of amorality. In The Vatican Swindle (1914) the hero-individualists resist the grotesquely depicted bourgeois world. In The Counterfeiters (1925) the description of the decay of bourgeois society becomes an apology for amorality. The composition of the novel is complex: the characters themselves discuss its structure. Both Travels in the Congo (1927) and Return From Lake Chad (1928) contain sharp critiques of capitalism. In the mid-1930’s, Gide joined the antifascist literary movement; how-ever, his antibourgeois stand proved to be superficial; it was his asocial individualism that always prevailed. In 1936, Gide wrote an anti-Soviet pamphlet after a short visit to the USSR; during World War II he emigrated to Tunis but did not take a stand against fascism in print. In 1947 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.


Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1-15. [Paris, 1932-39.]
Journal, [vols. 1-2]. Paris, 1940-50.
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1-4. Leningrad, 1935-36.


Rykova, N. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literatura. Leningrad, 1939.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vols. 3-4. Moscow, 1959-63.
Albérès, R. M. L’Odyssée d’André Gide. Paris, 1951.
Thierry, J. J. Gide. [Paris] 1962.
Martin, C. André Gide par lui-meme. Paris, 1967. (Includes bibliography.)
Painter, G. D. Andre Gide. London [1968].
Naville, A. Bibliographic des écrits d’André Gide. Paris, 1949-50.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Meaning and Impact of Andre Gide's Engagement." Gide's Politics: Rebellion and Ambivalence.
"L'Ironie pastorale en jeu." Bulletin des amis d'Andre Gide 78-79 (1988): 41-57.
Tout au long de son oeuvre et de sa vie, Andre Gide a evoque a plusieurs reprises et de diverses manieres plusieurs problemes que l'etre humain peut rencontrer au cours de son existence.
(9.) Brosman, Catherine Savage (1973), "Andre Gide and Roger Martin Du Gard: For and Against Commitment," The Rice University Studies 59(3): 1-9.
He then turns to Western observers, with separate short chapters focusing in particular on the texts of Bertrand Russell, Arthur Koestler, Andre Gide, Lion Feuchtwanger, Bertolt Brecht, and, his longtime favorite and most extensively researched example, Walter Benjamin.
Advice for up-and-coming LGBT candidates: "A favorite quote by Andre Gide: 'It is better to be hated for what one is than loved for what one is not.' "
Many great writers and thinkers were gay - Oscar Wilde, Andre Gide, E M Forster, Truman Capote, etc.
When Peret writes a poem about Andre Gide choking on a hammer down his throat, in "Andre Gide's Conversion" [1936], it is one of the most extreme statements in Surrealism.
Des cultures partout, des cases propres, des villages peuples des gens bien nourris, bien portants, prolifiques, nus et heureux" (Cahiers Andre Gide 1981: 50).