André Lenôtre

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Lenôtre, André

 

(also A. Le Nôtre, A. Le Nostre). Born Mar. 12, 1613, in Paris; died there Sept. 15, 1700. French landscape architect. Son of J. Lenôtre—the head gardener of the Tuileries.

In 1657, Louis XIV appointed Lenôtre the contrôleur général de bâtiments du roi. Beginning in 1653, Lenôtre supervised the work on the grounds of the Château Vaux le Vicomte. In the 1660’s he planned the royal gardens at Saint-Germain, Fontainebleau, Chantilly, Saint-Cloud, and the Tuileries (Paris). Lenôtre was in England in 1662, where he designed St. James’s Park in London and the park in Greenwich. He also designed the gardens at Versailles.

Lenôtre developed the Italian Renaissance principles of geometric garden planning and pruning of trees and shrubs. Combining classicist rationalism with a baroque treatment of space, he created the jardin français style. In front of the palace a parterre was laid out, with mirrorlike pools and fountains. A formal grid of avenues of trees provided an extensive vista. Lenôtre’s system dominated European park design until the middle of the 18th century.

REFERENCES

Ganay, E. de. André Le Nostre. Paris, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Those who visited the 2000 Chelsea Flower Show in England saw a knot garden on the Chelsea grounds designed to commemorate Andre Le Notre, designer of the grounds at Versaille and many other noble gardens.
Vaux-le-Vicomte, designed for Nicolas Fouquet by the architect Louis Le Vau and the garden designer Andre Le Notre In the mid 17th century
The director makes his mark in front of the camera as King Louis XIV, who has hired renowned V landscape gardener Andre Le Notre (Schoenaerts) to transform the grounds of Versailles into a fantasia "of exquisite beauty".
Calm amid |the chaos: Kate Winslet as Sabine De Barra and, inset, her love interest Andre Le Notre (Matthias Schoenaerts)
The director makes his mark in front of the camera as King Louis XIV, who has hired renowned xiv landscape gardener Andre Le Notre (Schoenaerts) to transform the grounds of Versailles into a fantasia "of exquisite beauty".
In 2000, Erik Orsenna, the French novelist and politician, wrote a slender book called Portrait d'un homme heureux: Andre Le Notre, 1613-1700, published to mark the tercentenary of the death of Louis XIV's celebrated master-gardener.
BACK HOME: The statue of Linnaeus is replaced on its plinth, above, after arriving by lorry with the statue of Frenchman Andre Le Notre, top left.
This lavishly illustrated volume is published to mark the 400th anniversary of the birth of the great garden designer, Andre Le Notre, and coincides with a major exhibition at the Chateau de Versailles (until 23 February).
This market overall purpose of the work of museum planning for for a temporary exhibition presented by the public establishment of the castle, the Museum and National Estate of Versailles has specific object for museum development work on the exhibition Andre Le Notre in perspective, 1613 - 2013 (working title) to be held at the Palace of Versailles 21/10/2013 to 24/02/2014 (estimated dates).
The point is made that when Versailles was new, photography had clearly not been invented and if Andre Le Notre, the garden designer for the Sun King, ever really knew what his gardens looked like, since there were no cameras to strengthen perspectives.
If you look back in gardening history at the often spectacular designs created by our forefathers such as Humphrey Repton, Capability Brown, Andre le Notre, Gertrude Jekyll, Vita Sackville-West and others, their designs were often for larger country estates with hectares (acres) of space to play with and often large budgets and plenty of cheap labour.