André Maurois

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Maurois, André

 

(pseudonym of Émile Herzog). Born July 26, 1885, in Elbeuf; died Oct. 9, 1967, in Paris. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1938).

Maurois served in World Wars I and II. He was the author of short stories, literary criticism, history, and memoirs. He wrote the psychological novels Bernard Quesnay (1926; Russian translation, 1926), Atmosphere of Love (1928; Russian translations, 1930 and 1966), and The Family Circle (1932; Russian translation, 1966). He gained world renown for his biographies Ariel, the Life of Shelley (1923; Russian translation, 1925); The Life of Disraeli (1927; Russian translation, 1934); Byron (1930; Russian translation, 1936); Turgenev (1931); Lélia (1952; Russian translation, 1967), about G. Sand; Olympio (1954; Russian translation, 1971), about V. Hugo; The Titans (1957; Russian translation, 1962), about the Dumas family; The Life of Sir Alexander Fleming (1959; Russian translation, 1961); and Prometheus (1965, Russian translation, 1967), about H. de Balzac.

Based on precise historical documentation, Maurois’s biographies are vivid portraits of great men. Maurois usually focused his attention on the inner world of his heroes, as well as on the circumstances of their personal lives. Maurois’s later books reveal an increased interest in public affairs, the social ethos of an age, and national literary traditions (the biographies of Sand, Hugo, Balzac). As a writer, Maurois was inspired by French and world literature. He was fond of the Russian classics and wrote about I. S. Turgenev, L. N. Tolstoy, and A. P. Chekhov. His realistic writing is imbued with faith in the human personality and runs counter to the modernist tendencies in French literature.

WORKS

Oeuvres complétes, vols. 1–16. Paris, 1950–56.
Mémoires. [Paris, 1970.]
Une Carrière et autres nouvelles. Moscow, 1965.
In Russian translation:
“Tragediia Frantsii.” A. Simon [et al.], O tekh, kto predal Frantsiiu. Moscow, 1941.
Fialki po sredam. Moscow, 1963.
Literaturnye portrety. Moscow, 1970.
“Iz ’Pisem k Neznakomke’” Introduction by E. Evnina. Inostrannaia literatura, 1974, no. 1.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Leviant, M. la. “Teoriia biograficheskogo romana André Morua.” Uch. zap. Mosk. gos. pedagogich. in-ta im. V, I. Lenina, vol. 458. Moscow, 1971.
Narkir’er, F. S. André Morua. Moscow, 1974. (In press.)
Michel-Droit. André Maurois, 2nd ed. Paris, 1958.
Suffel, J. André Maurois. With commentary by André Maurois. [Paris, 1963.]
Biblio, 1965, no. 6. (Special issue on Maurois.)
Keating, L. C. André Maurois. New York [1969].

F. S. NARKIR’ER

References in periodicals archive ?
The alliance with Britain was to be stressed not only with English lessons but also in talks on English subjects by authors such as Andre Maurois and Andre Gide, while Paul Valery, Francois Mauriac, Pierre Benoit, and others were to discuss various aesthetic problems involved in the creation of a work of art.
Meanwhile, if these critics seem arbitrarily included, the tradition of French biographical criticism, especially as represented by Andre Maurois, seems arbitrarily excluded.
Bien entendio el ensayista galo Andre Maurois cuando afirmo que los fracasos son pruebas de la debilidad del deseo, pero no de la temeridad de quien los provoca, tal y como lo acredita el saliente jefe de Gobierno de una ciudad de la que solo saco ganancias a costa de la perdida de su dignidad urbana.
Contractor address : ZAE Pierre Levee avenue Andre Maurois
A `Lidice Lives' committee was set up in Washington and included Albert Einstein, Charlie Chaplin, Eugene O'Neill and Andre Maurois.
His real name was Antonio Francisco Lisboa; he was called the "sublime little one" by Marlo de Andrade and "the mulatto El Greco" by Andre Maurois.
2 The original questionnaires recorded by Andre Maurois in A la recherche de Marcel Proust are reproduced in Cent ecrivains francaises repondent au "Questionnaire Marcel Proust", ed.
Contractor address : ZA Pierre Levee avenue Andre Maurois
When I read the life of Disraeli by Andre Maurois (a present for my thirteenth birthday), I again wondered about the origins of social elites.
Y se publican textos de Paul Valery sobre la poesia, y de Andre Maurois sobre La conversacion, en traduccion de Gorostiza.
Contractor address : ZAE Pierre Levee, avenue Andre Maurois