André Leroi-Gourhan

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André Leroi-Gourhan
Birthday
BirthplaceParis
Died
NationalityFrench
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Leroi-Gourhan, André

 

Born Aug. 25, 1911, in Paris. French archaeologist and ethnologist. Professor at the University of Paris (from 1956); director of the Institute of Ethnology (from 1963).

Leroi-Gourhan is best known for his investigations of Upper Paleolithic sites and dwellings and cave art and sculptured representations. He systematized the latter by classifying them into epochs and styles; he considered this art to be a reflection of primitive mythology. In his book Evolution and Technology (vols. 1–2, 1943–45) he provided a universal systematics of the phenomena of material culture, tracing its evolution from the primitive to the age of machines and seeking to substantiate general laws of “technomorphology” and the rule of “technical determinism.” His book The Gesture and the Word (vols. 1–2, 1964) attempts an even more sweeping universal historical generalization. The development of human culture in this work is regarded as part of the evolution of living matter. Biological evolution, in the view of Leroi-Gourhan, leads to ethnic and cultural development. Leroi-Gourhan’s conception, flawed by excessive technicality and a belief in the biological determination of social processes, is not accepted by Soviet scholars and scientists.

WORKS

“Religii doistorii.” In the collection Pervobytnoe iskusstvo. Novosibirsk, 1971. (Translated from French.)
Préhistoire de l’art occidentale. Paris, 1965.

REFERENCE

Tokarev, S. A. “A. Lerua-Guran i ego trudy po etnografii i arkheologii.” In the collection Etnologicheskie issledovaniia za rubezhom. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although Gilles Deleuze never explicitly develops what might be considered a philosophy of technology, he is strongly influenced by thinkers such as Andre Leroi-Gourhan, Raymond Ruyer, and Gilbert Simondon, all of whom provide profound analyses of the nature of technicity.
The award, founded in 2008, was named after Andre Leroi-Gourhan, one of France's foremost 20th- century thinkers in the humanities and social sciences, specifically the fields of ethnology, history and prehistoric archaeology.
Soulier (ed), Andre Leroi-Gourhan 'l'homme lout simplement'.
Specifically, I will suggest the relevance of Andre Leroi-Gourhan's remarkable study, Gesture and Speech from 1965, by attending carefully to the chapter titled "Brain and Hand." As the book's title makes clear, Leroi-Gourhan--who is also concerned with the "transition" from ape to human--is keen to situate language in the event of the becoming-human.
Seguindo o avanco magistral de Franz Boas (17), Andre Leroi-Gourhan tambem negou o carater evolucionista da historia da arte (que postulava que esta ultima so pode evoluir do concreto para o abstrato, ou do figurativo em direcao ao esquematico), ele mostrou que desde a pre-historia "o grafismo inicia nao na representacao ingenua do real, mas no abstrato" (Leroi-Gourhan, 1964-I, pp.
Andre Leroi-Gourhan discorreu, certa vez, sobre a essencial transformacao da relacao entre o homem e o espaco, verificada durante a revolucao neolitica (LEROI-GOURHAN, s.d, p.136).
In this long critique of Heidegger, through analyses of Gilbert Simondon, Andre Leroi-Gourhan, and Jacques Derrida, Stiegler re-reads the myth of Prometheus and challenges the strands of Western philosophy that posited an originary, non-technological human.