Andrea Cesalpino


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Cesalpino, Andrea

 

(also Andreas Caesalpinus). Born June 6, 1519, in Arezzo; died Feb. 23, 1603, in Rome. Italian physician, naturalist, and philosopher.

Cesalpino was a professor at the universities of Pisa (1555) and Rome (1592). A forerunner of W. Harvey in the study of blood circulation, he was the first to describe systemic circulation. Cesalpino laid the groundwork for plant morphology, anticipating the theories of metamorphosis and the homology of organs. In 1583 he proposed the first system of the plant kingdom, based mainly on the structure of seeds, flowers, and fruits. He distinguished two classes of trees and shrubs, 12 classes of subshrubs and herbs, and one class of aspermous plants. His classification system greatly influenced the development of botany. Cesalpino’s philosophical views on nature were based on the teachings of Aristotle.

WORKS

Quaestiones peripateticae. Venice, 1571.
De plantis libri XVI. Florence, 1583.

REFERENCES

Viviani, U. Vita e opere di Andrea Cesalpino. Arezzo, 1922.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pavord accuses Mattioli of appropriating without acknowledgment the work of one of her heroes, Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603), the Italian plantsman who served as curator of the botanic garden at Pisa.
There he studied under Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603), a celebrated physician, Professor of Materia Medica, and one of the greatest botanists of all time.
Mercati's old mentor at the University of Pisa, Andrea Cesalpino, succeeded him as physician to the Pope, and in 1596 published his own work on minerals (De Metallicis libri tres, dedicated to Clement VIII), describing many of Mercati's specimens.