Andrea Costa

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Costa, Andrea


Born Nov. 30, 1851, in Imola; died there Jan. 19, 1910. Leader of the Italian labor movement; brilliant orator and writer on social and political questions.

Costa joined the labor movement in 1871 under the influence of the Paris Commune. He was one of the leaders of Italian anarchist organizations. The failure of anarchism, the successes of the Social Democratic Party, and the growth of the labor movement caused Costa to break with anarchism in the late 1870’s. Costa’s open letter “To My Friends From Romagna” (1879), in which he broke with anarchism, played an important role in bringing the crisis of the anarchist movement to a head and in forming a socialist party in Italy. Costa was one of the founders and leaders of the Revolutionary Socialist Party of Romagna (1881–91) and took part in the congresses of the Second International. He was elected a deputy to Parliament in 1882 and spoke out against Italian colonial expansion in the 1880’s. He was repeatedly brought to trial for his severely critical antigovernment stand, despite his position as a deputy. He became one of the leaders of the Italian Socialist Party in 1892.


Manacorda, G. Ital’ianskoe rabochee dvizhenie po materialam s”ezdov. Moscow, 1955.
Schiavi, A. “La formazione del pensiero politico di A. Costa.” Nuova antología, 1948.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"I think it's essential that information about all the terrible things that happen to people be properly communicated," says Andrea Costa, who works as a volunteer coordinator at the Baobab refugee center.
The decisive goal came in the 58th minute from central defender Andrea Costa, who connected with a bullet header.
After Reggina's complaints, a small fight and a red card for visiting defender Andrea Costa, Ascoli agreed to stand aside and let Biagio Pagano run in and score.
Earlier, Reggina's Andrea Costa recovered after swallowing his tongue in a 2-1 win at fellow strugglers Bologna.
However, his socialism was superficial, nourished by Weininger, Nietzsche, Carlyle, and Sorel: his article 'Tre momenti', on Andrea Costa, developed the thread of a socialist memory based on charisma and rhetoric rather than on persuasion.
The post-commune period also brought into the forefront a new Bakunist leadership under the aegis of Andrea Costa, Carlo Cafiero, and the legendary (later) Errico Malatesta.
The most famous of these was the Bologna Trial of 1876, where the chief "malefactor," Andrea Costa, acquitted himself with great distinction.
AC Milan were stunned 1-0 by Serie A new boys Sampdoria who got their season off to a flier courtesy of Andrea Costa's goal.