Andreas Artsruni

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Artsruni, Andreas (Andrei) Eremeevich


Born Nov. 27 (Dec. 9), 1847, in Moscow; died Sept. 10 (22), 1898, in the small town of Gogengonof on the Rhine. Russian mineralogist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1895). Professor at the University of Breslau (Wrocław) (from 1883) and the Advanced Technical School in Aachen, Germany (from 1884).

Upon obtaining different minerals artificially, Artsruni established the interrelation of minerals’ physical properties and chemical composition. His work The Physical Chemistryof Crystals (1893) has retained its value to the present day. His works on the mineralogy of the Urals and Caucasus are famous. He was the founder of the mineralogical and geological division of the Caucasian Museum in Tiflis. The mineral arzrunite—a double salt of lead sulfate and copper chloride—bears his name.


“Arzruniana: Spisok uchenykh trudov A. E. Artsruni.” Zapiski Sankt-Peterburgskogo mineralogicheskogo obshchestva, 1899, part 36, issue 2.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.