Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper

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Schimper, Andreas Franz Wilhelm


Born May 12, 1856, in Strasbourg; died Sept. 9,1901, in Basel. German botanist.

Schimper, the son of W. P. Schimper, graduated from the University of Strasbourg in 1878. He became a professor at the University of Bonn in 1886 and at the University of Basel in 1898. He traveled frequently to study tropical plants. Schimper substantiated and developed the ecological-physiological school in plant geography and distinguished five types of vegetation based on the interrelation of physiology and geography. He elucidated the genetic links between various types of plastids and studied the formation of starch grains.


Pflanzengeographie auf physiologischer Grundlage, 3rd ed., vols. 1–2. Jena,1935.


Schenk, H. “A. F. Wilhelm Schimper.” Berichte der Deutschen botanischen Gesellschaft, 1901, vol. 19, issue 1. (Contains bibliography.)
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This gap was finally filled by pioneer plant geographer and ecologist Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (1856-1901) in his founding work on synecology (the ecology of living organisms and the environment grouped together) entitled Planzengeographie auf physiologischer Grundlage (1898; translated into English in 1903 as Plant-Geography upon a Physiological Basis).
In his 1898 book, Pflanzengeographie auf physiologischer Grundlage (published in English as "Plant-geography upon a Physiological Basis"), Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (1856-1901), a botanist and physiologist from Alsace, was the first person to name and describe the tropical rainforest (Tropische Regenwald), which he defined as an evergreen formation of wet habitats, 98 ft (30 m) or taller, with many lianas and epiphytes.