Andreas Gryphius


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Gryphius, Andreas

 

Born Oct. 2, 1616, in Glogau; died there July 16, 1664. German poet and playwright. Son of a pastor.

The pessimistic mood of the sonnets, odes, epigrams, and religious songs of Gryphius (in Latin) reflected the collapse of Germany after the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48). His historical tragedies in the baroque style— Leo Armenius (1646; published, 1650), Carolus Stuardus (1649; published, 1657), Katharina von Georgien (1646–48; published, 1657), Papinianus (1659), and Cardenio and Celinde (1649; published, 1657—also deal with contemporary problems. Gryphius’ best comedies are Peter Squentz (published, 1657) and Horribilicribrifax (1659; published, 1663). The most realistic and democratic of Gryphius’ plays— The Beloved Briar Rose (1660)—is a comedy in the Silesian dialect; its heroes are German peasants.

WORKS

Werke: In einem Band. Weimar, 1963.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962. Pages 381–89.
Purishev, B. I. Ocherki nemetskoi literatury XV-XVII vv. Moscow, 1955. Pages 311–29.
Bibichadze, A. A. Grifius i ego tragediia “Koroleva Gruzii Katarina.” Tbilisi, 1950.
Flemming, W. A. Gryphius.... Stuttgart, 1965. (Bibliography.)
Szyrocki, M. A. Gryphius. Tübingen, 1964. (Bibliography.)

IU. M. KAGAN

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The lyric poet Andreas Gryphius (1616-1664), who in 1636 knew his homeland only as a battleground, described the atrocities in grim detail in his sonnet "Threnen des Vatterlandes.
Although poet Andreas Gryphius (1616-1664) was only twenty-three when this collection of one hundred sonnets first appeared in 1639, it was in fact the young poet's second published gathering of sonnets.
4) Though both appeared in 1657 under the name Andreas Gryphius, the sonnet suggests they were produced by two very different poets.
Kuhlmann also analyses the European-wide tradition of Latin Jesuit drama, which had an important influence, for example, on the tragedies of Andreas Gryphius.
The first leads us from the vesper prayers of Dante's Purgatorio through Abendlieder lyrics of seventeenth-century German Protestant poets such as Andreas Gryphius and Paul Gerhardt and Jesuits such as Friedrich von Spee to the mystical poetry of the same century inspired by the noche oscura, noche serena of St.
One of the first witnesses was a Lutheran pastor, Paul Gryphius, brother of the twenty-year-old Andreas Gryphius, who had seen his first published collection of poems, the Lissaer Sonette, appear earlier in the year.
In addition to the voice of Manrique and its radical scrutiny of life's irreversible course, there is a quotation from a poem by the seventeenth-century German poet Andreas Gryphius, ending with the line: "Die schonheit ist wie Schnee, die Leben ist der Tod" (Beauty is like snow, life is death).
The life and work of specific Baroque writers are at the centre of Guillaume van Gernert's analysis of Schonheit der Verwilderung (Henning Boetius's vie romancee about Johann Christian Gunther) and Burghard Moenninghoff's discussion of the figures of Martin Opitz and Andreas Gryphius, who appear in the fourth chapter of Grass's Der Butt, an account which is particularly informative on the subject of Grass's sources.
In addition, there appear supporting and enlightening quotations from Thomas Malory, John Milton, Andreas Gryphius, Heine, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Adorno, C.
These forty interpretations of German poetry from Andreas Gryphius to Durs Grunbein reflect the growing involvement of the authors with poems of their choice.
It comes from an Advent sonnet by Andreas Gryphius that announces: 'hier wird ohn teuren Kauf/Den Trost geschenkt/die vor in Tranen schier ersoffen'.